Mantario Wilderness Experience - Plant List.
Charles Burchill

The Whiteshell area in south eastern Manitoba is often classed as part of the Boreal forest region, but there are also many similarities to the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence forest region, and a number of plants representative of Aspen Parkland/Prairie are also common.

This list does not represent all of the plants found in the Mantario region. It is an ongoing list of various plants that I have seen and identified in the region. There are a number of species that I have not had time (or ability) to identify, there may be a few errors in this list. If you come across a species not listed here please let me know and if I can confirm it (in some way) I would be happy to add it to the list with appropriate credit. Botanical names are generally from Budd's Flora of the Canadian Prairie Provinces, Mosses Lichens and Ferns of Northwest North America, Illustrated Guide to Some Hornworts, Liverworts and Mosses of Eastern Canada, how to know the lichens, Lichens of North America, Edible and poisonous mushrooms of Canada, Mushrooms of Ontario and Eastern Canada and The Flora of Canada.

Trees
            Abies balsamea (Balsam fir)
            Acer negundo (Manitoba maple)
            Betula Papyrifera (Paper birch)
            Fraxinus nigra (Black ash)
            Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Green/red ash)
            Larix larcina (Tamarack)
            Picea glauca (White spruce)
            Picea mariana (Black spruce)
            Pinus banksiana (Jack pine)
            Populus balsamifera (Balsam poplar)
            Populus grandidentata (Large-Toothed Aspen)
            Populus tremuloides (Trembling aspen)
            Quercus macrocarpa (Bur oak)
            Sorbus decora (Mountain ash)
            Thuja occidentalis (Eastern ceder)
            Ulmus americana (White/American elm)

Shrubs and other woody plants
            Acer spicatum (Mountain maple)
            Alnus crispa (Green alder)
            Alnus rugosa (River alder)
            Amelanchier alnifolia (Saskatoon)
            Andromeda glaucophylla (Bog rosemary)
            Andromeda polifolia (Bog rosemary)
            Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry)
            Betula glandulifera (Swamp birch)
            Celastrus scandens (Bittersweet)
            Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf)
            Cornus rugosa (Spotted dogwood)
            Cornus stolonifera (Red-osier dogwood)
            Cornus alternifolia (Alternate-leaved dogwood)
            Corylus americana (Hazel)
            Corylus cornuta (Beaked hazelnut)
            Crataegus rotundifolia (Hawthorn)
            Crataegus succulenta (Hawthorn)
            Diervilla lonicera (Bush honeysuckle)
            Empetrum nigrum (Crow berry)
            Gaultheria hispidula (Snowberry)
            Juniperus communis (Common juniper)
            Juniperus horizontalis (creeping juniper)
            Kalmia polifolia (Bog laurel)
            Ledum groenlandicum (Labrador tea)
            Lonicera dioica (Twining honeysuckle)
            Lonicera villosa (fly honey suckle)
            Myrica gale (Sweet gale)
            Oxycoccus microcarpus (Small bog cranberry)
            Prunus americana (Wild plum)
            Prunus nigra (Canada plum)
            Prunus pensylvanica (Pin cherry)
            Prunus pumila (Sand cherry)
            Prunus virginiana (choke cherry)
            Rhamnus alnifolius (Alder-leaved buckthorn)
            Rhus glabra (Smooth sumac)
            Rhus radicans (Poison ivy)
            Ribes americanum (Black currant)
            Ribes glandulosum (Skunk current)
            Ribes hirtellum (Gooseberry)
            Ribes oxycanthoides (Gooseberry)
            Ribes triste (Red currant)
            Rosa acicularis (Prickly rose)
            Rosa woodsii (Common rose)
            Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)
            Salix sp
            Salix bebbiana (Beaked willow)
            Salix discolor (Pussy willow)
            Salix interior (Sandbar willow)
            Salix maccalliana (Velvet-fruited willow)
            Salix pedicellaris (Bog willow)
            Salix petiolaris (Basket willow)
            Salix planifolia (Flat-leaved willow)
            Salix pyrifolia (Balsam willow)
            Shepherdia canadensis (Soapberry)
            Spiraea alba (Narrow leafed meadow sweet)
            Symphorocarpus albus (Snow berry)
            Symphorocarpus occidentalis (Western snow berry)
            Vaccinium angustifolium (Sweet blueberry)
            Vaccinium myrtilloides (Common blueberry)
            Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Lowbush cranberry)
            Viburnum lentago (Nannyberry)
            Viburnum rafinesquianum (Downy arrow-wood)
            Viburnum edule (Mooseberry)
            Viburnum trilobum (Highbush cranberry)

Herbaceous Plants (Generally broad leaf)
            Achillea millefolium (Yarrow)
            Actea rubra (Bane berry)
            Adiantum pedatum (Maidenhair fern)
            Agastache foeniculum (Giant hyssop)
            Agrimonia striata (Agrimony)
            Alisma plantago-aquatica (Water plantain)
            Allium cernuum (Wild onion)
            Allium stellatum (Wild onion)
            Allium schoenoprasum (Wild chives)
            Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)
            Anemone cylindrica (Long fruited anemone)
            Anemone multifida (Cut leaved anemone)
            Anemone quinquefollia (Wood anemone)
            Antennaria microphylla (Small leaved pussytoes)
            Apocynum androsaemifolium (Spreading dogbane)
            Aquilegia canadensis (Columbine)
            Aralia hispida (Bristly sarsaparilla)
            Aralia nudicaulis (Sarsaparilla)
            Aralia racemosa (Spikenard)
            Arenaria lateriflora (Sandwort)
            Arceuthobium americanum (American mistletoe)
            Arceuthobium pusillum (Dwarf mistletoe)
            Arnic lonchophylla (Spear-Leaved Arnica)
            Asarum canadense (Wild ginger)
            Aster ciliolatus (Fringed aster)
            Aster lateriflorus (Aster)
            Aster simplex (Panicled aster)
            Aster umbellatus (Flat topped aster)
            Astragalus canadensis (Milk vetch)
            Athyrium filix-femina (Lady fern)
            Bidens beckii (Water-Marigold)
            Bidens cernua (Beggars ticks)
            Bidens frondosa (Beggars ticks)
            Botrychium virginianum (Virginia grape fern)
            Calla palustris (Water arum)
            Caltha palustris (Marsh marigold)
            Calypso bulbosa (Venus slipper)
            Campanula aparinoides (Marsh Bellflower)
            Campanula rotundifolia (Harebell)
            Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd's-purse)
            Cerastium arvense (Field chickweed)
            Cerastium nutans (Long-stalked chickweed)
            Ceratophyllum demersum (Hornwort)
            Chenopodium album (Lamb's-quarters)
            Chenopodium hybridum (Mapleleaved goosefoot)
            Chimaphila umbellata (Princies's pine)
            Cicuta bulbifera (Water Hemlock)
            Cicuta maculata (Water hemlock)
            Circaea alpina (small enchanter's nightshade)
            Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
            Clintonia borealis (Blue bead lily)
            Convolvulus sepium (Hedge bindweed)
            Comandra umbellata (Bastard toadflax)
            Coptis trifolia (Gold thread)
            Corallorhiza maculata (Spooted coralroot)
            Corallorhiza striata (Stripped coralroot)
            Cornus canadensis (bunch berry)
            Corydalis sempervirens (Pink corydalis)
            Crepis runcinata (Scapose hawk's beard)
            Crepis tectorum (Narrow-leaved hawk's beard)
            Cuscuta gronouii (Dodder)
            Cypripedium acaule
            Cypripedium calceolus (Yellow Lady's-slipper)
            Dianthus barbatus (Pink)
            Disporum trachycarpum (Fairy bells)
            Drosera rotundifolia (Sundew)
            Dryopteris disjuncta (Oakfern)
            Elodea canadensis (waterweed)
            Epilobium angustifolium (Fireweed)
            Erigeron asper (Fleabane)
            Erigeron canadensis (Fleabane)
            Erigeron philadelphicus (Fleabane)
            Erigeron strigosus (Fleabane)
            Eupatorium purpureum var. maculatum (Joe-pye weed)
            Fragaria virginiana (strawberry)
            Galeopsis tetrahit (hemp nettle)
            Galium boreale (Northern bedstraw)
            Galium septentrionale (Bedstraw)
            Galium trifidum (Small bedstraw)
            Galium triflorum (Seet-scented bedstraw)
            Gaultheria procumbens (Checker berry)
            Gentiana amarella (Felwort)
            Gentiana crinita (Fringed gentian)
            Geranium bicknellii (Bicknell's Geranium)
            Goodyera repens (Rattlesnake plaintain)
            Habenaria hookeri (Bog orchid)
            Habenaria hyperborea (green-flowerd bog orchid)
            Heracleum lanatum (Cow parsnip)
            Heuchera richardsonii (Alum root)
            Hieracium umbellatum (Canada Hawkweed)
            Impatiens capensis (Spotted touchme-not)
            Lactuca biennis (Wild lettuce)
            Lactuca tatarica (Blue lettuce)
            Lathyrus ochroleucus (Creamy peavine)
            Lathyrus japonicus (Beach pea)
            Lathyrus venosus (Purple peavine)
            Lemna minor (Duckweed)
            Lemna trisulca (Ivy-leaved duckweed)
            Lepidium densiflorum (Common pepper-grass)
            Lilium philadelphicum (Wester wood lily)
            Linnea borealis (Twinflower)
            Lithospermum canescens ( Hoary puccoon)
            Lycopus americanus (American horhound)
            Lycopus uniflorus (Norhtern water-horehound)
            Lycopus asper (Western horehound)
            Lysimachia ciliata (Fringed loosestrife)
            Lysimachia thyrsiflora (Tufted loosestrife)
            Maianthemum canadense (Lily of the valley)
            Matricaria matricarioides (Pineapple weed)
            Melampyrum lineare (Cow wheat)
            Melilotus alba (White sweet clover)
            Melilotus officinalis (Sweet clover)
            Mentha arvensis (Mint)
            Menyanthes trifoliata (Buckbean)
            Mertensia paniculata (Tall lungwort) 
            Matteuccia struthiopteris (ostrich fern)
            Mitella nuda (Naked mitrewort)
            Mimulus ringens (Blue Monkeyflower)
            Moneses unifolora (one-flowered wintergreen)
            Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
            Myriophyllum spicatum (Water milfoil)
            Nuphar variegatum (Yellow waterlily)
            Nymphaea odorata (Fragrant waterlily)
            Nymphia tetragona (White waterlily)
            Oenothera biennis (Evening primrose)
            Onoclea sensibilis (Sensitive fern)
            Opuntia fragilis (Prickly pear)
            Osmorhiza obtusa (Sweet cicely)
            Osmunda claytoniana (Interrupted fern)
            Oxalis stricta (Yellow wood-sorrel
            Parthenocissus inserta (Large-toothed virginia creeeper)
            Parnassia palustris (Northern Grass-of-Parnassus)
            Petasites palmatus (Colts foot)
            Petasites sagittatus (Colts foot)
            Physostegia virginiana var formosior (False Dragonhead)
            Plantago major (Plantain)
            Polygonatum canaliculatum (Solomon's seal)
            Polygonum amphibium (Water smartweed)
            Polygonum cilinode (Buckwheat)
            Polygonum scandens (False buckwheat)
            Polypodium vulgare (Common rock tripe)
            Potamogeton gramineus (Pondweed)
            Potamogeton natans (Pondweed)
            Potentilla anserina (Silverweed)
            Potentilla arguta (white cinquefoil)
            Potentilla gracilis (Graceful cinquefoil)
            Potentilla norvegica (Shrubby cinquefoil)
            Potentilla palustris (Marsh cinqufoil)
            Potentilla tridentata (Three toothed cinquefoil)
            Pteridium aquilinum (Bracken)
            Pyrola asarifolia (Pink pyrola)
            Pyrola elliptica (Shinleaf)
            Pyrola rotundifolia (common wintergreen)
            Pyrola secunda (One sided wintergreen)
            Ranunculus abortivus (Kidneyleaf-Buttercup)
            Ranunculus aquatilis (Large-Leaved Watercrowfoot)
            Ranunculus flammula var. ovalis (Creeping Spearwort)
            Ranunculus macounii (Butter cup)
            Ranunculus pensylvanicus (Bristly buttercup)
            Rubus acaulis (Dwarf raspberry)
            Rubus chamaemorus (Cloudberry)
            Rubus pubescens (Dew berry)
            Rumex crispa (Dock)
            Rumex occidentalis (Dock)
            Sagittaria cuneata (Arrow head)
            Sanicula marilandica (Snake root)
            Sarracenia purpurea (Pitcher-plant)
            Scutellaria galericulata (Marsh skullcap)
            Senecio congestus (Marsh ragwort)
            Senecio eremophilus (Cut leaved ragwort)
            Senecio vulgaris (Common groundsel)
            Silene sp.
            Sium suave (Water parsnip)
            Smilacina trifolia (Three leaved false solomon's seal)
            Smilax herbacea (Carrion flower)
            Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod)
            Solidago spathulata (Spike-Like goldenrod)
            Solidago graminifolia (Flat-topped goldenrod)
            Sonchus arvensis (Sow thistle)
            Sparganium angustifolium (Narrowleaf bur-reed)
            Sparganium eurycarpum (Giant bur-reed)
            Sparganium fluctuans (floating bur-reed)
            Spirodela polyrhiza (Duck weed)
            Stachys palustris (Marsh hedge nettle)
            Stellaria longifolia (Long leaf chickweed)
            Stellaria media (Chickweed)
            Streptopus roseus (Rose mandarin)
            Tragopogon dubius (Yellow goat's beard)
            Taraxacum officinale (Dandylion)
            Thalictrum dasycarpum (Tall meadow rue)
            Thalictrum venulosum (Meadow rue)
            Trientalis borealis (Northern starflower)
            Trifolium repens (White clover)
            Trillium cernuum (Nodding wakerobin)
            Urtica dioica (Stinging nettle)
            Utricularia intermedia (Bladderwort)
            Utricularia vulgaris (Common bladderwort)
            Vicia americana (Wild vetch)
            Viola adunca (Early blue violet)
            Viola canadensis (Canada violet)
            Viola pensylvanica (Yellow violet)
            Viola pubescens (Yellow violet)
            Viola rugulosa (Violet)
            Woodsia ilvensis (Rusty woodsia)
            Zizia aptera (Alexanders)
            Zizia aurea (Alexanders)

Grass Like Plants
            Acorus calamus (Sweet flag)
            Agropyron dasystachyum (Northern wheat grass)
            Agropyron repens (Couch grass)
            Agropyron smithii (Western Wheatgrass)
            Agropyron trachycaulum (Wheat grass)
            Agrostis scabra (Rough hair grass)
            Andropogon gerardi (Big blue stem)
            Bromus ciliatus (Fringed brome)
            Bromus inermis (Brome grass)
            Calamagrostis canadensis (Marsh reed grass)
            Calamagrostis inexpansa (Northern reedgrass)
            Carex (various species)
            Carex aquatilis (Water Sedge)
            Carex atherodes (Awned Sedge)
            Carex bebbii
            Carex canescens (Short sedge)
            Carex capillaris (Hair-like sedge)
            Carex crawfordii
            Carex deweyana (Dewey's sedge)
            Carex gracillima (Slender sedge)
            Carex gynocrates (Northern bog sedge)            
            Carex intumescens (Swollen sedge)
            Carex lacustris (Lake shore sedge)
            Carex lanuginosa (Woolly sedge)
            Carex muricata (Inland sedge)
            Carex pedunculata (Stalked sedge)
            Carex pensylvanica
            Carex projecta
            Carex intumescens (Sedge)
            Carex retrorsa (Sedge)
            Carex scoparia (Broom sedge)
            Carex stipata (Awl-fruited sedge)
            Carex supina (Weak sedge)
            Carex tenuiflora (Thin-flowered sedge)
            Carex xerantica (White-scaled sedge)
            Cinna latifolia (Slender wood grass)
            Dantonia intermedia (Timber oat grass)
            Danthonia spicata (Poverty oat grass)
            Deschampsia caespitosa (Tufted hair grass)
            Eleocharis palustris (Spike rush)
            Eleocharis calva (Bald spike-rush)
            Elymus canadensis (Canada wild rye)
            Eriophorum angustifolium(Tall cotton grass)
            Eriophorum chamissonis (Russet cotton grass)
            Glycera borealis (Northern manna grass)
            Glycera grandis (Tall manna grass)
            Glycera striata (Fowl manna grass)
            Iris versicolor (Iris)
            Hierochloe odorata (Sweet grass)
            Hordeum jubatum (Foxtail)
            Juncus balticus (Wire rush)
            Juncus brevicaudatus (Short-tail rush)
            Juncus bufonius (Toad rush)
            Juncus dudleyi (Dudley's rush)
            Juncus longistylis (Long-styled Rush)
            Juncus tenuis (Slender rush)
            Muhlenbergia mexicana (Wood muhly)
            Oryzopsis asperifolia (White-grained mountain rice)
            Panicum capillare (Witch grass)
            panicum linearifolium (slimleaf panicgrass)
            Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)
            Phalaris arundinacea (Reed canary grass)
            Phleum pratense (Timothy)
            Phragmites australis (Giant reed grass)
            Poa nemoralis (Wood blue grass)
            Poa palustris (Fowl bluegrass)
            Poa pratensis (Kentucky blue grass)
            Scolochloa festucacea (Spangletop or White top)
            Schizachne purpurascens (Purple oat grass)
            Scirpus atrovirens
            Scirpus acutus
            Scirpus cyperinus (Wool grass)
            Scirpus microcarpus (Bulrush)
            Scirpus pumilus (Bulrush)
            Scirpus validus (Great bulrush)
            Sisyrinchium montanum (blue eyed grass)
            Sphenopholis intermedia (Slender wedge grass)
            Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie dropseed)
            Typha latifolia (Cattail)
            Zizania aquatica (Wild rice)

Other Plants & Liverworts
            Barbilophozia barbata
            Equisetum arvense (Horse tail)
            Equisetum fluviatile (Swamp horsetail)
            Equisetum hyemale (Common horsetail)
            Equisetum palustre (Marsh horsetail)
            Equisetum pratense (Meadow horsetail)
            Equisetum scripoides (Scouring rush)
            Equisetum sylvaticum (Wood horsetail)
            Lycopodium annotinum (Club moss)
            Lycopodium clavatum (Club moss)
            Lycopodium complanatum (Ground ceder)
            Lycopodium obscurum (Ground pine)
            Marchantia polymorpha (Liverwort)
            Ptilidium pulcherrimum
            Selaginella rupestris (Spike moss)

Mosses (very incomplete)
With special thanks to Mary Sims (2005 summer participant at Mantario)
for collecting and identifying a number of additional mosses.
            Anomodon (sp)
            Aulacommium palustre
            Brachythecium reflexum
            Bryoria fuscescens
            Bryum (sp)
            Bryum pseudotriquetrum
            Callicladium haldanianum
            Calliergon cordifolium
            Campylium stellatum
            Ceratodon purpureus
            Climacium dendroides
            Dicranum (Dusky fork moss)
            Dicranum flagellare
            Dicranum montanum
            Dicranum polysetum
            Dicranum scoparium
            Drepanocladus vernicosus
            Drepanocladus uncinatus
            Hedwigia ciliata
            Hypnum pallescens
            Hylocomium splendens (Stair step moss)
            Jamesoniella autumnalis
            Leucobryum glaucum
            Lophocolea heterophylla
            Mnium (sp)
            Physcia stellaris
            Plagiomnium cuspidatum
            Plagiomnium medium
            Plagiothecium (sp)
            Pleurozium schreberi (Red stem moss)
            Polytrichum commun (Common hair cap)
            Polytrichum juniperinum (Juniper moss)
            Ptilium crista-castrensis (Knight's plume)
            Pylaisiella polyantha
            Redula complanata
            Rhizomnium punctatum
            Rhizomnium pseudopuncatum
            Rhytidiadelphus triquetris
            Rhytidium rugosum
            Sphagnum (Peat moss)
            Sphagnum fuscum
            Sphagnum angustifolium
            Sphagnum magellanicum
            Sphagnum girgensohnii
            Thuidium delicatulum
            Tortula ruralis
            
Lichens (incomplete)
With thanks to Kyle Fontaine (2008 summer participant at Mantario)
for adding a few lichens and providing some advice on identifications.
            Aspicilia caesiocinerea
            Aspicilia cinerea
            Candelaria concolor (Lemon lichen)
            Cetraria islandica (Island moss)
            Cladina (Reindeer lichen)
            Cladina mitis
            Cladina stellaris
            Cladina rangiferina
            Cladonia (Pixie cup lichen/Reindeer lichen)
            Cladonia apodocarpa
            Cladonia borealis
            Cladonia botrytes
            Cladonia caraccenis
            Cladonia carneola
            Cladonia cenotea
            Cladonia cervicornis subsp verticillata 
            Cladonia chlorophaea
            Cladonia coniocraea
            Cladonia crispata
            Cladonia cristatella (British soldiers)
            Cladonia deformis 
            Cladonia gracilis
            Cladonia gracilis subsp turbinata
            Cladonia major
            Cladonia multiformis
            Cladonia parasitica
            Cladonia phyllophora
            Cladonia pleurota
            Cladonia pyxidata
            Cladonia squamosa
            Cladonia rei
            Cladonia sulphurina (Greater sulphur-cup)
            Cladonia turgida
            Cladonia uncialis
            Dimelaena oreina
            Evernia mesomorpha
            Hypogymnia physodes (Hooded lichen)
            Parmelia flaventior
            Parmelia sulcata (Wax paper lichen)
            Parmeliopsis ambigua
            Peltigera aphthosa (Freckle lichen)
            Peltigera elisabethae
            Peltigera canina
            Peltigera malacea (Apple pelt)
            Peltigera polydactyla
            Peltigera spuria
            Ramalina americanum
            Rhizocarpon geminatum
            Rhizocarpon geographicum (Map lichen)
            Rhizookaca cgrtsikeyca (golden rimmed navel lichen)
            Stereocaulon paschale (Foam lichen)
            Tuckermannopsis orbata (Wrinkle lichen) med=UV- KC- or would have called T. americana.
            Umbilicaria (Rock tripe)
            Umbilicaria americana (Rock tripe - vary large grey)
            Umbilicaria mammulata (Rock tripe - very large tan/brown)
            Umbilicaria muhlerinergii (Rock tripe)
            Umbilicaria vellea (Rock tripe)
            Usnea (Old man's beard)
            Usnea fulvoreagenus
            Usnea hesperina (beard lichen) - need confirm
            Usnea subfloridana
            Xanthoparmelia tasmanica
            Xanthoparmelia plittii
            Xanthoria elegans (Orange lichen)
            Xanthoria fallax (Orange lichen)
            Xanthoria polycarpa (Orange lichen)
            Vulpicida pinastri (powdered sunshine)

Mushrooms (very incomplete).
Thanks to Donna Kurt for getting me to actually collect some more
fungi and properly key them out to at least genus.
            Amanita muscaria (Fly agaric)
            Armillaria mellea (Honey mushroom)
            Bisporella citrina (lemon drops)
            Boletus edulis (King Boletus)
            Boletus merculioides
            Boletus subglabripes
            Cantharellus cibarius (Chanterelle)
            Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Green stain fungi)
            Clavaria flava
            Clitocybe gibba (Funnel Clitocybe)
            Collybia confluens
            Cortinarius crassus
            Cortinarius sp.
            Cuphophyllus pratensis (alt. Hygrophorus pratensis Waxy cap)
            Dacrymyces palmatus (Orange jelly)
            Fomes fomentarius (Tinder polypore)
            Gandoderma lucidum
            Gymnopus dryophilus (Oak Collybia)
            Hemitrichia serpula (yellow slime mould)
            Hericium coralloides (Bear's Head Tooth)
            Hydnellum pineticola
            Hydnellum caeruleum
            Hygrocybe ceracea (butter waxcap)
            Hygrocybe sp (vitellina? crimped yellow margins)
            Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca (false chanterelle)
            Hygrocybe flavescens (Yellow waxy cap)
            Hygrophorus olivaceoalleus
            Hygrophorus psittacina (Parrot Waxy Cap)
            Hygrophorus pudorinus
            Hypomyces lactifluorum (Lobster mushroom)
            Laccaria laccata (Common Laccaria)
            Laccaria tortilis
            Lactarius (sp)
            Lactarius helvus
            Lycoperdon periatum (Jem Studded Puffball)
            Lycogala (sliver gray slim mould)
            Macrolepiota procera (alt. Lepiota procera Parasol mushroom)
            Morganella subincarnata (Ruddy puff ball)
            Mucilago crustacea (slime mould - white fruiting)
            Mycena osmundicola (little white mushrooms)
            Mycena sp (little not quite white mushooms - several sp)
            Piptoporus betulinus (Birch polypore)
            Ramaria sp (prob abietina)  (a Coral fungi)
            Rozites caperata 
            Russula (sp)
            Russula vesca
            Russula integra
            Russula claroflava (Graying Yellow Russula)
            Sarcoscypha austriaca (Scarlet cup)
            Thelephora terrestris (Earth fan)
            Tremella mesenterica (Yellow jelly fungus)
            Tricholoma sp (small brown)

Resources
The following books are part of my collection that
have some relevance to the plants of Mantario.  The connection in some
of the books is a little tenuous, some are not plants at all but may be used
or brought for reference on the trip.

Amrose, Susan A., Michael W. Bridges, Michele DiPietro, Marsha
    C. Loyett, Marie K. Norman, and Richard E. Mayer. How Learning Works:
    Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching. Jossey-Bass, 2010
Arora, David. Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press. 1986.
Audobon Society. the Practical Naturalist Explore the wonders of the natural
     natural world. DK publishing. 2010
Audubon Society. Familiar Mushrooms.  Andrew Stewart Pub. 1990 15th printing, Knopf. 2016
Barron, George. Mushrooms of Ontario and Eastern Canada.
     Lone Pine Pub. 1999.
Bezener, Andy and Ken De Smet. Manitoba Birds. Lone Pine Pub. 2000
	 Blouin, Glen. An Eclectic Guide to Trees East of the Rockies.
     Boston Mills Press. 2001.
Brodo, I. M., S.D. Sharnoff, and S. Sharnoff. Lichens of
     North America. Yale University Press. 2001.
Brown, Lauren. Grasses An Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin 
     Co. 1979.
Callan, Kevin. The Happy Camper An Essential Guide to Life Outdoors.
     The Boston Mills Press. 2005.
Chambers, Fiona Hamersley, Amanada Karst.  Wild Berries of Alberta
     Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Lone Pine Publishing. 2012.
Cobb, Boughton. A Field Guide to the Ferns. Houghton Mifflin Co. 
     1963.
Conard, Henry S., Paul L. Redfearn.  how to know the mosses and liverworts.
     WCB/McGraw-Hill. 1979.
Cvancara, Alan M. Edible Wild Plants and Herbs. Ragged Mountain Press/
     McGraw-Hill. 2001.
Dugle, Janet R. A Check List of the Vascular Plants of the Whiteshell
     Area in Manitoba. Atomic Energy of Canada, Pinawa. 1969.
Dugle, Janet R., M.H. El-Lakany. Check List Revisions of the Plants of
     the Whiteshell Area, Manitoba. Atomic Energy of Canada, Pinawa. 1971.
Featherstone, Steve. Outdoor Guide to Using Your GPS. Creative Publishing
     International. 2004
Foster, Steven, James A. Duke, A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants Eastern 
     and Central North America. Houghton Mifflin Co. 1990.
Gardon, Anne. The Wild Food Gourmet. Firefly Books ltd. 1998
Geniusz, Mary Siisip.  Plants have so much to give us, all we have to do
     is ask: Anishinaabe botanical teachings. University of Minnesota
     Press. 2015.
Gibbons, Euell, Stalking the healthful herbs. Alan C. Hood & Company, Inc.
     1966.
Gibbons, Euell, Stalking the wild asparagus. Alan C. Hood & Company, Inc.
     1962.
Gilbertson, Ken, Timothy Bates, Terry McLaughlin, and Alan
    Ewert. Outdoor Education: Methods and Strategies. Human Kinetics. 2006
Gray, Beverley. The Boreal Herbal, Wild Food and Medicine Plants of the North.
    Aroma Borealis Press, 2011
Great Plains Flora Association. Flora of the Great Plains.
     University Press of Kansas. Lawrence, Kansas. 1986
Grice, Joel.  Beginner's Guide to Minerals & Rocks. Canadian
     Museum of Nature. 2010
Grieve, M. A Modern Herbal. Penguin Books. 1982.
Groves, J. Walton. Edible and poisonous mushrooms of Canada. Minister of
     Supply and Services Canada. 1979.
Hale, Mason E., How to know the lichens. Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers. 1979
Hinds, James W. and Patricia L. Hinds., The Macrolichens of New England
      (Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden, Volume 96). The New York
      Botanical Garden Press. November 15, 2007
Hip, Andrew L., Field Guide to Wisconsin Sedges: An Introduction to the
     Genus Carex (Cyperaceae). The University of Wisconsin Press. 2008.
Hosie, R.C., Native Trees of Canada. Fitzhernry & Whiteside Limited, 1979.
Hutchens, Alma R. A Handbook of Native American Herbs. Shambhala Publications,
     Inc. 1992.
Ireland, R.R. Moss Flora of the Maritime Provinces. Natl. Mus. Canada, Publ.
     Bot. 13, 1982.
Ireland, Robert R. and Gilda Bellolio-Trucco. Illustrated Guide to
     some Hornworts, Liverworts and Mosses of Eastern Canada.
     Syllogeus 62. National Museums of Canada. 1987.
Johnson, Derek, Linda Kershaw, Andy MacKinnon, Jim Pojar. Plants of the Western
     Boreal Forest & Aspen Parkland. Lone Pine Pub. 1995.
Kagume, Krista. Saskatchewan and Manitoba Nature Guide. Lone Pine Pub. 2010.
Kavanagh, James. Medicinal Plants An Introduction to Familiar Widespread
     Species. A Pocket Naturalist® Guide. Waterford Press, Inc 2002.
Kavanagh, James, Raymond Leung.  Butterflies and Moths. A Pocket Naturalist Guide.
     Waterford Press Inc. 2011.
Kavanagh, James, Raymond Leung.  Dragonflies and Damselflies. A Pocket Naturalist
     Guide.  Waterford Press Inc. 2010. 
Kershaw, Linda, Manitoba Wayside Wildflowers. Lone Pine Pub. 2003.
Kimmerer, Robin Wall, Gathering Moss: a natural and cultural history of mosses.
     Oregon State University Press. 2003
Knobel, Edward. Field Guide to the Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes of the
     United States. Dover Publications. 1980.
Lahring, Heinjo., Water and Wetland Plants of the Prairie Provinces.
     Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regiona. 2003.
Lincoff, Gary H. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms.
     Alfred A. Knopf, Inc, 1981.
Little, Elbert L., The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees. 
     Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 1980.
Looman, J., K.F. Best, Budd's Flora of the Canadian Prairie Provinces. Minister
     of Supply and Services Canada. 1979.
Looman, Jan, Prairie Grasses identified and described by vegetative characters.
     Minister of Supply and Services Canada. 1982.
MacKinnon, Andy., Linda Kershaw, John Thor Arnason, Patrick Owen, Amanda
     Karst, Fiona Hamersley-Chambers. Edible and medicinal plants of Canda.
     Lone Pine Publishing. 2009
Marles, Robin J., Christina Clavelle, Leslie Monteleone, Natalie Tays,
     Donna Burns, Aboriginal Plant Use in Canada's Northwest Boreal
     Forest. Natural Resources Canada, UBC Press, Vancouver 2000
McKnight, Karl B., Josheph R. Rohrer, Kirsten McKnight Ward, Waren
     J. Perdrizet. Common Mosses of the Northeast and Appalachians.
     Princeton University Press. 2013.
McMuillin, Troy and Frances Anderson. Common Lichens of Northeastern North
     America. The New York Botanical Garden Press. 2014.
	 Miller, Orson K., Hope H. Miller. North American Mushooms, A field Guide
     to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Globe Pequot Press. 2006
Milne, Lorus and Margery, Susan Rayfield. National Audubon Society Field Guide
     to North American Insects and Spiders. Chanticleer Press, Inc. 1980
Mollen, Cora, Larry Weber.  Fascinating Fungi of the North Woods.
     Kollath+Stensaas Publishing. 2007
Niering, William, The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American
     Wildflowers Eastern Region. Alfred A. Knopf. 1983.
Oswald, Edward T., Frank H. Nokes. Field Guide to the Native Trees of Manitoba.
     Manitoba Natural Resources. 1998.
Peacock, Paul. The Pocket Guide to Wild Food. The Good Life Press. 2009.
Peterson, Lee Allen. A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants Eastern/Central
     North America. Houghton Mifflin Co. 1977.
Petrides, George A., A Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs. Houghton Mifflin Co.,
     1972
Purvis, William, Lichens. The Natural History Museum, London, 2000, 2007.
Reaume, Tom, 620 Wild Plants of North America. Canadian Plains Research
     Center Press, 2008.
Ringius, Gordon S., Richard A. Sims, Indicator Plant Species in Canadian
     Forests. Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada 1997.
Schalkwijk-Barendsen, Helene M.E., Mushrooms of Western Canada. Lone 
     Pine Pubishing, 1991.
Schofield, Janice J. Discovering Wild Plants Alaska, Western Canada, 
     The Northwest.Alaska Northwest Books, 1989.
Scoggan, H.J., Flora of Manitoba. National Museum of Canada, 1957.
Scoggan, H.J., The Flora of Canada. National Museum of Natural
     Sciences, Publications in botany, No. 7. 1978.
Seidman, David, Paul Cleveland, The Essential Wilderness Navigator
     How to Find Your Way In the Great Outdoors. Ragged Mountain Press. 2001
Shay, J.M., Star Lake General Species List, Personal communication, 1983
Springmeyer, Fritz, Willow Bark & Rosehips. Falcon Press Publishing Co.
     1996.
Stensaas, Mark. Canoe Country Flora: Plants and trees of the North Woods
     and Boundary Waters. Pfeifer-Hamilton Publishers. 1996. 
Szezawinski, Adam F., Nancy J. Turner, Wild Green Vegetables of Canada.
     National Museums of Canada. 1980.
Tozer, Frank, The Uses of Wild Plants. Green Man Publishing. 2007
Turner, Nancy J., Adam F. Szezawinski, Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of
     Canada. National Museums of Canada 1979.
Turner, Nancy J., Adam F. Szezawinski. Wild Coffee and Tea Substitutes
     of Canada. National Museums of Canada. 1984.
Vance, F.R., J.R. Jowsey, J.S. McLean. Wildflowers Across the Prairies. 
     Western Producer Prairie Books. 1984
Vance, F.R., J.R. Jowsey, J.S. McLean, F. A. Switzer. Wildflowers Across
     the Prairies.  Greystone Books. 1999
Vitt, Dale H., Janet E. Marsh, Robin B. Bovey. Mosses Lichens & Ferns of 
     Northwest North America. Lone Pine Publishing, 1988
Waterford Press. Manitoba Birds. A Pocket Naturalist Guide Waterford Press Inc. 2011
Waterford Press. Mushrooms. A Pocket Naturalist Guide Waterford Press Inc. 2012
Waterford Press. The Night Sky. A Pocket Naturalist Guide Waterford Press Inc. 2012
Walewski, Joe. Lichens of the North Woods. Kollaath+Stensaas Publishing, 2007
Zoladeski, C.A., G.M. Wickware, R.J. Delorme, R.A. Sims, I.G.W. Corns. 
     Forest Ecosystem Classification for Manitoba. Minister of Supply
     and Services Canada. 1995.

WWW sites
Boreal Forest Educational Resouces from www.borealforest.org
Wilde Edible Plants from northernbushcraft.com
Edible Plants for the Prairies from theurbanfarmer.ca

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Last modified: Sat Jul 16 19:27:40 2016