Note: These pages are under construction.

Bryophyte Flora of Manitoba

This list represents the mosses and liverworts found in Manitoba, Canada. The moss section (Bryophyta) is based on species found in the checklist of mosses of Canada for Manitoba. The liverwort section (Hepatophyta) comes from several sources starting with Bird (1973) with a number of followup publications.

A number of moss species are included in this list that are not found on the checklist for Manitoba. Mosses marked with an asterisk are found in Ontario and Saskatchewan, or are mosses that may occur based on distribution elsewhere (e.g. circumpolar) or are suggested in the literature.

* Additional species found in Ontario, or Saskatchewan.
** Additonal species that may be found.

A flora of the vascular plants of Manitoba is also available at A partial lichen flora of Manitoba is available at


Bird, CD. A new catalogue of the Bryophytes reported for Alberta, Saskatchwan, and Manitoba., Dept. of Botany, University of Calgary, Alberta. 1973

Caners, Richard T., Saxicolous Bryophytes of an ordovician Dolomite Escarpment Interlake Manitoba, with New Species Records for the Province. Canadian Field Naturalist v125 October 2011, pp 327-337.

Caners, Richard T., Fabronia ciliaris, a Moss New to Canada from Southeastern Manitoba. Canadian Field Naturalist v132(3): 246-251

Caners, Richard T., Bryophytes at the Western Limits of Canada's Great Lakes Forest: Floristic Patterns and Conservation Implications. Northeastern Naturalist, 27(m17): 1-37

Conard, Henry S., Paul L. Redfearn. how to know the mosses and liverworts, WCB/McGraw-Hill. 1979

Gerrard, Martin, Vicki Henderson, Emil Kucera, Dave Wotton. State of the Environment Report for Manitoba - 1991. Province of Manitoba, Conservation. 1991.

Ireland, R. R. Moss Flora of the Maritime Provinces. National Museums of Canada Publications in Botany No. 13. 1982.

Ireland, Robert R., Gilda Bellolio-Trucco. Syllogeus 62 Illustrated Guide to Some Hornworts, Liverworts and Mosses of Eastern Canada, National Museums of Canada. 1987

Johnson, Derek, Linda Kershaw, Andy MacKinnon, Jim Pojar. Plants of the Western Boreal Forest and Aspen Parkland, Lone Pine Publishing, 1995.

Vitt, Dale H., Janet E. Marsh, Robin B. Bovey. Mosses Lichens and Ferns of Northwest North America, Lone Pine Publishing. 1988

Other references - I don't have copies of these but they can be found in libraries or inter-library loan.

Crum, H.A. and L.E. Anderson. Mosses of Eastern North America. Vol 1 and 2, Columbia University Press. 1981.

Ireland, R.R., G.R. Brassard, W.B. Schofield and D.H. Vitt, Checklist of mosses of Canada 2. Lindergia. 1987.

Johnson, J.D. Additons to Bryophyte Flora of MB Canadian Field Naturalist 1989 v103(4) 497-508

Longton, R.E. Nineteen bryophytes new to Manitoba. Bryologist 1972, 57(3) 348-350

Longton, R.E. Further additions to the bryophyte flora of Manitoba. Bryologist 1981, 84(4) 569-570

Parker 1982 Blue Jay 40(1): 16

Stringer, P.W. Air pollution and the distribution of epiphytic lichens and bryophytes in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Bryologist 1974, 77(3) 405-426

Stringer, P.W. A quantitative study of corticolous bryophytes in the vicinity of Winnipeg, Manitoba.Bryologist 1974, 77(4) 551-560


If you have any comments please email me:

With thanks to Dr. Rene Belland, U. of Alberta, who inspired the creation of this page.

With thanks to Dr. James Ehnes (ECOSTEM ltd.) for supplying further information on species that may occur in Manitoba.

Internet Sites

Related sites that may be of some interest

C. Burchill's Home Page


Last modified: Sun Jan 10 10:44:10 2016