Baroness von Freytag-Loringhoven

Else von Freytag-Loringhoven at the UMA
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About Else Baroness von Freytag-Loringhoven:
"Historical Note" / by Dr. Beth Alvarez, ©2004

Source: UMaryland EAD Finding Aid,
The Papers of Else von Freytag-Loringhoven
University of Maryland Archives, Literary Manuscripts

UMd FrL Collection (5Boxes)
FrL in the UWisconsin Little Review Collection (2 Fds.)

Detailed BISON Records
for various Else Freytag-Loringhoven Resources, including:

Else's Autobiography, mss & typescript,
Copies exchanged with the University of Maryland in 1991

Else's Autobiography,
Book ed. by Spettigue & Hjartarson, 1994: Baroness Elsa (incl. some corr.)

Interview about Else & Greve, 1902/3-1909/10 [1994]
Video, about Else & Greve's 1904/5 'Fanny Essler' poems, Else's related German poems in the UMaryland Collections, the couple's Sparta, Kentucky, year in 1910/11, and FrL as the unacknowledged model of Grove's anti-heroine Clara Vogel in his first Canadian novel Settlers of the Marsh (1925, UMA, Dustjacket ill. of G. H. Wade copy)

Irene Gammel's Biography of Else von Freytag-Loringhoven, MIT, 2002.
Two German editions, 2003 & 2005, the latter doubling as FrL Exhibition Catalogue at the Literaturhaus Berlin, March-May 2005

dada Americano (1970)
facsim. portfolio by Arturo Schwarz.
Includes Man Ray's & Duchamp's short-lived "journal" New York Dada, 1921, with FrL 2 photos

Exhibition Catalog
, Francis Naumann Gallery, NY, 2002

Else as Grove's heroine Clara Vogel in his first Canadian Novel Settlers of the Marsh, 1925 (Bison Record + ill.)

Various related Books or Documents, including dada exhibitions, Greve's novels about her, & Endell, Hardt, Schmitz, Man Ray, Duchamp, sources

by/about Else v. Freytag-Loringhoven

Gide's 1904 "Conversation":
Greve's appended Oct. 1904 Letter addresses Else & the couple's multi-layered 'Fanny Essler' Plans in poems & prose

Else in Dachau, May 1900 (Registration facsim., detail; AB excerpts)

Else at Dr. Gmelin's Sanatorium in Boldixum, near Wyk auf Föhr, Oct./Nov. 1902
(Postcard; AB excerpts)

Else as translator of Flaubert's Correspondence? She & Greve to Gide say not so!
, 1904/5; FPG Corr. excerpt; FrL Note, UMd)

Else contacts Gide in 1921: Account by 'La Petite Dame'
(text excerpt)

Else arrested in Pittsburgh in September 1910
(facsim. of NYT Notice, e-Text, & commentary]

Else coverage in the NY Times, Dec. 5, 1915 (Headline; Facsim.)

Power-Point Lectures about FrL & FPG:
"FPG (Greve/Grove)'s Obsession with Else Ploetz, Endell, Greve, & Freytag-Loringhoven." [Power-Point Production, 56 slides, ©Dec2003]
Presented for the UW German-Canadian Studies Program at the University of Winnipeg Faculty Club, Dec. 4, 2003

"Else Ploetz meets August Endell in Munich/Dachau, 1900." -- LCMND Conference, Minot, N.D., October 2005.

"Else Baroness von Freytag-Loringhoven in Germany, New York, & Paris, & her importance to the UM's FPG (Greve/Grove) Coellections." -- Invited Lecture for Professor M. Baker's Art History Class, Oct. 2005.

FrL Exhibition at the Literatur Haus in Berlin, March to May, 2005: website info
[Gisi's impressions of this event & the LitHaus Berlin exhibition of March 2005 coming soon]

Berlin LitHaus FrL Exhibition: adapted for the Cabaret Voltaire, Zürich, Dec. 2005 to Jan 2006
website info FrL Exhibition in Zürich's Cabaret Voltaire, 2005/6

Gisi Baronin Freytag-Loringhoven's Impressions, Dada Exhibition in Paris, 2005
Poster with FrL's name in small, but central letters

NYT review of a 2006 dada exhibition including FrL at Francis Naumann's Gallery

e-Texts by/about Else von Freytag-LoringhovenPoems about or References to German Contemporaries:

Marcus Behmer. -- August Endell. -- Above all: FPG (Felix Paul Greve), her most important lover & second husband. -- Ernst Hardt. -- Melchior Lechter. -- Oskar A. H. Schmitz. -- Richard Schmitz. -- Karl Wolfskehl.

Satirical Poem about Ernst Hardt [set in Berlin, ca. 1896-98]

Satirical Poem about August Endell [set in Munich, ca. 1900]

"Fanny Essler's" Seven Poems 1904/5
100th Anniversary e-Edition in German & English: Else & F. P. Greve in Berlin, Wyk auf Föhr, & Palermo, 1902/3
Gedichte/Poems [I & II] (Freistatt, Aug 1904: "Tunis")
Drei Sonette: ein Porträt / Three Sonnets: a Portrait [III, IV, V] (Freistatt, Oct 1904)
Gedichte/Poems [VI & VII] (Freistatt, Mar 1905: "Husum")

FPG (Felix Paul Greve, later Frederick Philip Grove) was her most important lover & second husband.
There are many Freytag-Loringhoven poems in the University of Maryland at College Park Collections that are dedicated to "FPG" who abandoned her in "the wilderness" of Sparta, Kentucky, some time in 1911.
Several of her German poems in particular, are related to the 1904/5 'Fanny Essler' cycle:
notably, the central three sonnet "portrait" of FPG & the final "Husum" snow poem,
but also: FPG's 1907 poem "Erster Sturm"

They all will be made available here in the near future in relation to FPG's 2007 e-Poetry edition [originally published in Dec. 1993].

The interesting poetry cycle of seven poems Greve/Grove & Else von Freytag-Loringhoven (divorced Endell at the time) was published under their joint pseudonym "Fanny Essler" in Die Freistatt in 1904/5.
On March 25, 2005, on occasion of the 100th Anniversary of their first publication, these poems were made available as e-texts with parallel English translations by Gaby Divay & Jan Horner, UM Libraries.

Greve is the central topic of these poems. See a facsimile of the central three sonnets describing, in Petrarchan fashion, his brutal hands, cold eyes, & lying mouth. Curiously, Grove's autobiographical novel A Search for America (1927, e-Ed. 2000 & 2005) echoes the second of these attributes, FPG's icy-cold stare.

For biographical information about the 'Fanny Essler' poems, the novel Fanny Essler (1905), & the use of the name "Else Greve" for certain Flaubert translations, see Greve's 17.10.1904 confessional letter to André Gide, appended to the latter's e-"Conversation avec un Allemand" in which FrL is addressed as well: Greve is buying Henna for her in Paris. In her revealing Autobiography (AB, UMaryland), she mentions that she started dying her hair in Palermo in mid-1903, while Greve was serving a prison-term for fraud in Bonn.

See also:
Introduction to FPG's poetry edition (1993, e-Ed. 2006, 61 p.)
Article about the 1904/5 'Fanny Essler' complex (poems & novel)

Poems about American Contemporaries:
Berenice Abbott
Djuna Barnes
George Biddle
Marcel Duchamp
Jane Heap
Man Ray
William Carlos Williams
... & many others

International E-Resources about Else von Freytag-Loringhoven
Gallery of Images:
Francis Naumann's Collection
, New York:
Cover of the NY April 2002 FrL Exhibition Catalogue
Back-Cover of the NY April 2002 FrL Exhibition Catalogue
FrL by Theresa Bernstein, 1917: from the NY 2002 FrL Exhibition Catalogue

FrL Postcard announcing the German version of Irene Gammel's FrL Biography, 2003

FrL Dachau 1900: Registration Document (Detail)

Dr. Gmelins Sanatorium, 1902: Boldixum, near Wyk auf Föhr

FrL in exotic costume, NY, ca. 1920: photo adapted from the LC Bain Collection
FrL & Claude McKay in exotic costume, NY, ca. 1920: photo from the LC Bain Collection

"Fanny Essler" Sonnets about FPG, 1904

Fanny Elssler Lithograph, 1840, In Broom, 1922

FrL's poem "Circle", & oblong ill., Broom, 1923

FrL's poem "Schalk" about FPG, ca. 1923: using EYE, HAND, & MOUTH in 1904 Sonnets & the Fall allegory in FPG's pet poem "Erster Sturm" (1907 & ca. 1930) -- parallel German texts

Sparta, KY, 1986: Map [ONLY ref. on FrL's "Schalk"]

FrL as letter "A" in Man Ray's pun, 1921

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