Physical or biological anthropology can be broadly defined as the study of biological diversity in humans, their ancestors and closest primate relatives. Biological anthropologists are interested in questions related to the intersection of human biology, behaviour, and the physical and social environment.

Biological Anthropology at the University of Manitoba forms part of a broad undergraduate curriculum in anthropology, and strong research intensive graduate program in human osteology and biomedical anthropology.

The Bioanthropology Digital Image Analysis Laboratory (BDIAL) was established to integrate 2D and 3D digital imaging techniques for advanced visualization, modeling and interpretation of anthropological data. Combining traditional bioarchaeological analysis with thin sectioning, digital microscopy and radiology, 3D scanning and rapid prototyping, the BDIAL supports a variety of research in anthropology and related disciplines.