Corpus of English contrastive focus reduplications
The following is a corpus of examples of the construction discussed
in the paper "Contrastive focus reduplication in English (the
SALAD-salad paper)", by Jila Ghomeshi, Ray Jackendoff, Nicole Rosen,
and Kevin Russell, published in Natural Language and Linguistic
Theory, 2003. (Though it's grown since then.)
The examples are in alphabetical order of the reduplicated string.
At the end of this page are indexes sorting
the examples into various categories (part of speech, source, etc.).
Examples so far: 237
[euphemistically asking for details of a date]
So tell me about it. Did you, uh, did you get a car?
I don't drive.
You know, a car with a "working engine"? You know? R-r-r-r-r. You know? A-CAR-a-car. A car that you could have sex with.
Trailer's moving. A lot. A-LOT-a-lot.
I like it quite a lot but not A-LOT-a-lot.
I Heart Huckabees
Brad: Okay. I said I get it, Bernie. Relax.
Brad: Shut up.
Felicity: But...performing that song at a club where our
mutual friends hang out? I mean that's like passive-aggressive or
Julie: No, it's not.
Felicity: You're right, it's AGGRESSIVE-aggressive.
AIR-CANADA-Air-Canada or Canadian-Air Canada?
[heard at an airport. For some time after Air Canada bought Canadian Airlines, ticketing services had been merged but the check-in counters hadn't. You had to know which pre-merger airline used to run your "Air Canada" flight in order to get into the right check-in line at the airport. ]
[NLLT example: 38e]
Student: I'm all done.
Cam: And it turns out my two best friends have been getting it on for a while. Me, I just found out.
Jane: Nell and Henry? Really?
Cam: I'm alone. I mean, ALONE-alone. I haven't seen anyone since you.
Does she live in AMHERST-Amherst? Das ist ein kleines
Dorf. [That's a small village].
[heard in Frankfurt]
Sounds Like Canada
Jian Ghomeshi: Neil Young may be more of an ARTIST-artist than a song-artist.
[explaining why Neil Young, while he deserves to be on a list of essential artists, might not deserve to have a song on a list of 50 essential songs.]
That's not AUCKLAND-Auckland, is it?
[about an ad for flights to Auckland that seem too cheap to be true]
[NLLT example: 1e]
Is 37 grams [of saturated fat] good or bad? And even if we have an intuition that it's bad, we'd wonder if it was "BAD-bad" (like cigarettes) or "normal bad" (like a cookie or a milk shake).
Chip and Dan Heath, Made to Stick, Random House, 2007
Plus, there's a lot of really bad fiction out there -- not just
wish-it-was-bad fiction that's actually really good, but BAD-bad
Curtis Sittenfeld on new book by Nell Freudenberger, Salon Magazine
(Books), September 4, 2003
Do you want to go to the BANK-bank?
[as opposed to an ATM]
teenager's diary, read on radio
[name] is coming down for the weekend and I want to be with him -- BE-be with him.
Rafe: I'm thinking of the beach.
Alison: OK, a beach. OK, well, what kind of a beach?
Rafe: It's a -- you know, the -- a BEACH-beach.
Alison: "A BEACH-beach." Oh, wow.
Alison: You are seriously challenged in the fantasy
Oh, that's BEACON-STREET-Beacon-Street.
[The same street name often is used for totally unrelated streets in different towns in the Boston area. The speaker is being given directions home, and has just figured out that the Beacon Street in West Newton is in fact a continuation of the famous Beacon Street in Boston.]
[NLLT example: 9c]
[NLLT example: 37c]
A doctor: When you say she's getting better, do you mean
[NLLT example: 33a]
Audrey: At another restaurant?
Pacey: No, on a boat.
Audrey: A restaurant on a boat. That's kind of weird.
Pacey: No, a BOAT-boat, the kind that sails around the
world and takes me with it.
When you were a kid and you had a dog, did you ever try eating a bone? Not one of those BONE-bones, but a Milkbone?
A: I've been invited to go bowling tonight.
[This prompted a discussion of the different types of bowling found in Winnipeg.]
[NLLT example: 17]
[NLLT example: 36c]
Just Shoot Me
Eliot: When was the last time you had a boyfriend?
Maya: You mean a BOYFRIEND-boyfriend?
[NLLT example: 38a]
...after we had finally BROKE-IT-OFF-broke-it-off, I found out he
had bought me an engagement ring.
[talking about going through repeated cycles of breaking up with someone and then getting back together ]
[NLLT example: 43b]
Is he like a BUSINESSMAN-businessman? Or is this like when I used to sell lemonade and call myself a businessman?
weirdosofwinnipeg.blogspot.com, May 30, 2008
[Waiter to a customer who has ordered carrot-cake]
Is that carrot cheesecake or carrot CAKE-cake?
New York Times, April 11, 2004
Automakers are reluctant to admit to making what designers call CAR-cars, the basic family sedans bought by millions of typical Americans. Instead, they prefer to draw attention to fanciful design studies that project fun and freedom ...
But CAR-cars do still exist...
Natalie Portman, quoted in the Boston Globe, November 28, 2004
First of all, I'm not like a CELEBRITY-celebrity; I don't get recognized when I'm walking down the street.
I only have CHANGE-change.
[coins as opposed to bills]
The Whole Nine Yards
[Jimmy is a notorious mob hitman from Chicago, now hiding
under an assumed identity. His neighbour Nicholas is desperate not to
let Jimmy suspect he's recognized him. ]
Jimmy: Where are you from?
Nicholas: Chicago. Not CHICAGO-Chicago. I was born there
but I really don't know anything about Chicago anymore.
He's a Christian, I mean a CHRISTIAN-Christian.
[not just a Christian as distinct from a Jew, but a believing, practising one]
[NLLT example: 36d]
[mother to son about a friend]
Is he in your swim-class or your CLASS-class?
[dialogue between a married couple, recently separated and now
A: Maybe you'd like to come in and have some coffee?
B: Yeah, I'd like that.
A: Just COFFEE-coffee, no double meanings.
[NLLT example: 12]
Dawson: Okay. But you said you thought about it...
Joey: Yes, thought, Dawson.
Dawson: You actually
considered-thought-about-it or just ordinarily thought
Joey: What difference does it make?
Dawson: I'm a teenage guy! It makes all the difference
in the world.
Joey: I considered and thought about it.
Dawson: Well, that's good. Considered's very good.
Dawson: So when you say you've considered it...you mean
thought-about-it considered-it or just CONSIDERED-IT-considered-it.
Joey: Would you just shut up and row!
[NLLT example: 27b]
[NLLT example: 41b]
[NLLT example: 84d]
We're not one of those COUPLE-couples.
[female, around 30, explaining that she and her partner often socialize separately]
[NLLT example: 31b]
She wasn't a fancy cow, a Hereford or Black Angus or something,
just a COW-cow.
Russell Banks, "Cow-Cow", short story in The
Angel on the Roof, 2000.
[NLLT example: 3c]
Who needs street-cred? I don't even have CRED-cred.
[i.e., he can't get a loan]
Tim: Alright! Alright! Alright! Let's steer clear of the
meat products for a minute. Let's talk about real emotion. Crying.
[Jim and Kyle suddenly look more uncomfortable] When was the last time
you cried. Jim?
Jim: You mean CRIED-cried, or cried because something
heavy fell on you? Once I dropped this spinet piano on my foot.
[NLLT example: 32b]
Jack: How would you like to be my partner in crime?
Alison: Crime? Ramsey, I don't do crime.
Jack: No, whoa, it's not, like, CRIME-crime. It's crime
-- well --
Dead Like Me
Doris: Feel like a little lunch, Millie?
Georgia/Millie: Ah, actually I have plans today.
Georgia/Millie: Yeah, it's kind of a lunch date.
Georgia/Millie: I mean, not a DATE-date.
"It's just that ... if this isn't a DATE-date, and it feels like
one to me, then I thought I ought to tell you.
Nick Hornby, About a Boy, 1998, page 21
Martin: Uh, you know, I think there's been a bit of a
misunderstanding here. I didn't mean this to be a DATE-date, more
of a friendship thing. You know, I really enjoy your company...
Andie: Don't you think that when you show up with Ethan
at the prom, they're gonna kind of figure out that he's your date?
Jack: He's not my DATE-date. We're just going as
friends. He calls it taking it to the next step towards
self-acceptance and actualization. Whatever the hell that means.
As the World Turns
Lucy: A DATE-date? I'm jealous. I've never been on
Bonnie: Our first official.
Days of Our Lives
Philip: Oh, come on, chloe. I know we're a long way from
all of that. Look, I just want to take you out, okay? Just hang out
with you some night. Okay, it doesn't have to be at night. It doesn't
have to be a DATE-date. We could just hang out some afternoon -- no
Chloe: Okay, low pressure. Not movies, not dinner. That
leaves us with... bowling?
Days of Our Lives
Jennifer: It's not a joke? I mean, you're asking me out
for real on an actual date?
Brandon: On an actual date. Not like the last time.
Jennifer: No, I know. The last time, you were rescuing
me, but this would be, like, a DATE-date.
Dead Like Me
In case I haven't been clear, I'm un-dead, not DEAD-dead. All those biological urges still apply.
What's the difference between brain-dead and DEAD-dead?
Michael Enright, host on national CBC radio show, June 2000
You're not dead, are you? I mean, you're dead, but you're not
DEAD-dead, because you're still here, aren't you?
Nadine: You don't have to worry about that, he's dead.
Vernon: You mean DEAD-dead?
Nobody's doing DEAF-deaf ed [education]. They're all
doing deaf-and-hard-of-hearing ed.
Dickie Roberts, Former Child Star
Grace: Yeah, okay, meanwhile, there's this woman, Esmerelda, she's Mr. Blake's housekeeper, and he falls madly in love with her, right? And then she dies.
Dickie: Wait. She DIE-dies? I thought this was a happy movie.
Roman: Or maybe I should take you out to dinner
Joan of Arcadia
Although Luke did this awesome dive off the high board, which wasn't really a DIVE-dive, it was more like Will Farrell falling out of a plane.
The Big Bang Theory
Physics PhD: She's a doctor.
Neighbour: A DOCTOR-doctor, or a you kind of doctor?
Take Charley, for example. He has always associated with the
learned, the gentle, the literate, and the reasonable both in
France and in America. And Charley is no more like a DOG-dog
than he is like a cat. His perceptions are sharp and delicate
and he is a mind-reader. I don't know that he can read the
thoughts of other dogs, but he can read mine.
John Steinbeck, Travels with Charley; 1961; p. 98 of
[NLLT example: 3e]
Marge: Actually, we're done.
[NLLT example: 36e]
Grace Under Fire
My door is always open for you.
I don't mean my DOOR-door. I mean my metaphorical door. As in "door to my heart", "door to the community"...
Would you like some wine? Would you like a DRINK-drink?
Do you want coffee or a DRINK-drink?
["exclusive or" intonation]
Duct Tape Forever
Stiles: Let's have a drink to toast your new life, Harold.
[Stiles begins filling Harold's glass from a metal flask.]
Harold: Oh, a DRINK-drink.
Harold: It was a DRINK-drink.
[Harold passes out.]
Joan of Arcadia
Joan: I'm kind of worried about him.
Joan: He seems to think that he's dying.
Sylvia: He is dying.
Joan: You mean, like, DYING-dying?
Sylvia: There's another kind?
Larry Summers is not just an economist but, as one of his critics
put it, an ECONOMIST-economist.
New York Times, August 24, 2003, page 32
We sat there, day and night, trading places, Beth and I, with
Toph downstairs usually, Beth and I sitting, sleeping there,
sometimes draped over her, waiting for the near-end, so we could
gather and then wait for the END-end.
Dave Eggers, "The Orphans are Coming!" The New Yorker,
Everybody Loves Raymond
[Robert tells his conservative mother- and father-in-law that they'll be sleeping in Robert's and his wife's room.]
Robert: We have a wonderful bed. I think you'll enjoy it. Not ENJOY-enjoy. Sleep. Enjoyable sleep.
Hey kid, thanks for the escort. [looks embarrassed] I don't mean
Kate: The evil thing wasn't an evil thing?
Angel: Well, it was an evil thing in terms of that world.
It just wasn't an EVIL-evil thing.
Kate: There are not-evil evil things?
Angel: You okay? [Kate is trying not to cry] Never
trust an EVIL-evil thing.
Kissinger: That's OK. I'm familiar with these young
ladies. Well, I'm not FAMILIAR-familiar... I know them.
[NLLT example: 66b]
There's a guy who collects fans. These are not sports fans but
[NLLT example: 32a]
As the World Turns
Barbara: Me, too. How would you feel if I managed to cook
your favorite dinner?
Will: My FAVORITE-favorite?
Jerry: Who, who, who do you think would win in a fight
between me and ah, gorgeous George here.
Elaine: You mean in a real FIGHT-fight?
The FINAL-final copy has to be done by August.
We have a FIREPLACE-fireplace in the living room.
[as opposed to the bricked-up fireplace in the speaker's kitchen]
[NLLT example: 38b]
You lost me a bit with the pan-flute. ... I guess it was a FLUTE-flute.
A: Do they have food over there?
B: Sure, they've got chocolate over there but not real
Is he French or FRENCH-French?
[French-from-France as opposed to French-from-Canada]
[NLLT example: 1c]
The Five Senses
Police officer: Any children?
Suspect: Yes. One. She lives with her mother.
Police officer: You're French?
Police officer: FRENCH-French?
Suspect: FRENCH-French. From Belgium, originally.
Police officer: Why'd you leave France?
Suspect: I wanted a change. I thought I'd like the winters.
Julie: Because I had boyfriends. Lots of them in high
school. But for reasons too complicated and too big for this
subway car, I, um, didn't have a lot of FRIEND-friends. Girlfriends.
[NLLT example: 31f]
So I would say that the president and Mr. DeLay are friends, but not FRIENDS-friends, if you will.
All My Children
Bianca: Frankie was who she was. And I was in love with
her. But you and I are just friends.
Maggie: Oh, so now I'm -- now I've been downgraded to
Bianca: No, FRIENDS-friends -- real friends. That's --
that's huge. Maggie, it's better this way.
Snakes and Ladders
And he's funny. FUNNY-Funny, not jokey-funny.
Lorelai: Life is a funny funny thing huh?
Sookie: Yeah, I love that Jim Carey.
Sookie: Jim Carey. He's just -- he's just funny.
Lorelai: He is funny, but I don't mean FUNNY-funny. I'm
Sookie: Oh, very serious face -- Jean Paul Sartre [making
a somber face]
I Heart Huckabees
A: Right. Well, when we did the Garth benefit in Dallas, we put the $10,000 donors up here.
B: Wow, Garth. Was that GARTH-Garth, or Chris Garth?
A: That's classic Garth. The best.
A: That's gay.
B: Is that happy-gay or GAY-gay?
[There is no real lexical ambiguity here anymore. The line is just being used for laughs.]
Justine/Jake: Geeky's good. Geeky's very trendy...
Chas: There's cool-geeky and there's GEEKY-geeky. I'm
only ever going to be GEEKY-geeky.
[NLLT example: 36f]
A: She makes every girl from our high school look like a walrus.
B: I'm a girl.
A: No, I mean GIRL-girls
Boys Don't Cry
Lana: What were you like before all this? Were you like
me? Like a GIRL-girl?
Brandon: Yeah. Like a long time ago. And then I guess I
was just like a boy-girl. And then I was just a
... and here are the GLOVE-gloves.
[real boxing gloves as
opposed to "bag" gloves (smallish practice gloves)]
[NLLT example: 26]
[NLLT example: 31a]
E. Lockhart, The Boyfriend List, Delacorte Press, 2005, p 193
"And, um, I--can we go somewhere?" ...
"I don't mean GO SOMEWHERE-go somewhere," I said, remembering that he surely thought I was a slut, and after all, last time the two of us had been alone we'd been all over each other. "I mean, outside on the steps."
A: So then who's coming through the Stargate?
B: Not as in GOD-God. Ra played a god, the sun
[NLLT example: 8]
Dr. Brown: Oh, it's nothing. It's no thing. I told Tom Keyes I would go with him to a singles mixer.
Nina: Oh, that's, um, uh...
Dr. Brown: That's, uh, what?
Nina: That's good. I'm glad the two of you are hanging out. He's a good influence on you.
Dr. Brown: He's not influencing anything. I'm not even really going. I mean, I'm going but I'm not GOING-going.
Dr. Brown: Can I go now?
Nina: GO-go, or just GO-go?
As the World Turns
Rosanna: Annual event? Well, how about you skip it this
year and join me for a ride in a vintage Cabot Grande Deluxe? If
you're good, I'll let you drive.
Craig: GOOD-good or bad good?
[in the context of drinking green tea with rice in it]
[NLLT example: 38d]
"I'm definitely reclaiming the feminine aspect of masculinity,"
[Gregory] Scratch explained. But he's also clearly equally
keen to juice up the feminine cliches of domesticity with a
jolt of testosterone. Those seductively macho paint jobs
aren't meant purely as irony: "I'm probably as GUY-guy as a
guy gets....I've got sideburns and I love muscle cars."
[from an article on art produced by male artists based on the
former domestic domain of women ]
Blake Gopnik, The Globe and Mail, 25/03/00
Six Days, Seven Nights
(1998 movie starring Anne Heche (as Robin
Munroe) and Harrison Ford (as Quinn Harris))
[The two characters have just realized that they are
shipwrecked on a deserted island.]
Robin: Aren't you one of those guys?
Quinn: What guys?
Robin: Those GUY-guys, y'know? Those guys with skills?
Robin: Yeah, you send them out into the wilderness with a
pocket knife and a Q-tip and they build you a shopping mall. You can't
[NLLT example: 31g]
[after using the word "guys" generically]
Nicholas Campbell: Sorry. I don't mean just mean men. I mean guys of both sexes.
Shelagh Rogers: GUYS-Guys.
Sounds Like Canada, November 20, 2003
Marah: They are moving into Ross and Blake's old place,
and Remy's going to be there, too.
Reva: Three guys and you?
Marah: Well, they're not like GUYS-guys. They're more
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Willow: Okay. Now, he's had his 2:00
feeding, and, uh, after sunrise, if he forgets where his clothes are,
they're on top of the file cabinet in his cage. [indicates the cage] I
put those towels up for privacy.
Xander: Uh, no worries. I can handle the Oz Full
Monty. I mean, not HANDLE-handle, like "hands to flesh"
[on a confused situation caused by time travel]
Hey, it hasn't happened, has it? It has
will-have-going-to-have-happened happened. But it hasn't
actually HAPPENED-happened yet... actually.
[NLLT example: 32c]
A: What are you reading now?
Slim: You know Finnegans Wake by James Joyce?
My friend told me it's the hardest book in the English language.
I mean, not the HARDEST-hardest, but the hardest one that you can
actually read. I thought to myself, if I can get through it, I could
probably read the rest.
[NLLT example: 63b]
Should I wear a HAT-hat?
[as opposed to a yarmulke]
[NLLT example: 3d]
Reverend Book: I wish I could help. I mean, I don't wanna help -- not HELP-help, but -- not with the theiving, but -- I do feel awfully useless.
Is he HERE-here or elsewhere-here?
[after being told that a guest speaker from out of town is
It is part of the HIGHWAY-highway, not the information highway.
[referring to Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company in comparison
with communication/software companies]
Malcolm Gladwell, "Clicks & Mortar", The New
[NLLT example: 84a]
George Michael: So you think he's gonna announce it on the boat?
Michael: Yeah, absolutely. It's his retirement party. Plus, he's been dropping a lot of hints.
George Michael: What kind of hints?
Michael: It's funny. It's not a HINT-hint, but he has been calling me "pardner".
Is it biblical history or HISTORY-history?
Michael Enright, host on national CBC radio show, March 2000
Kevin: I -- I'm breaking out in hives!
Lucy: Hives? You mean -- you mean hives?
Lucy: Wait, like HIVE-hives?
... things have got so bad that I decide to go home... HOME-home,
Mum and Dad home, congealing gravy and Songs of Praise home.
Nick Hornby, High Fidelity
Lorelai: Ugh. I couldn't stay where I am if I wanted. Mia
is selling the inn. And that hit me hard too, maybe harder than the
other thing. I'm gonna be without a home.
Luke: What do you mean? This is your home.
Lorelai: No, I mean a HOME-home. A memory home. The inn
is where Rory took her first step. It's where I took my first
step. It's more of a home to me more than my parents' house ever
Cassie: No, it's just these houses that we're
picking. We're picking them because they have large rooms for
Cassie: You know, diplomats can be shuffled
in and out, security precautions.
Richard: These are all necessary concerns, darling.
Cassie: I know that, for an ambassador's residence, but
not for a HOME-home. I just really want a home, Richard. I want to
be able to walk around in my bathrobe and not have to worry about
it. I want the kids to be able to leave their toys all over the place,
not worrying about some prime minister slipping on it.
Livvie: Then what's the problem? The falls are really
beautiful this time of year, and we can cross over to Toronto. I took
out plenty of cash.
Rafe: OK, don't get me wrong. The getting married part --
that's what we both want. But leaving town?
Livvie: Why not? I mean, I only lived here a few
years. It's not my HOME-home, and it's not really your home,
You like it HOT-hot, eh? You like it really hot?
[talking about the weather]
[A teenager throwing a party greets some guests.]
This isn't actually my HOUSE-house. It's one of the model homes in my old man's cheesy new subdivision.
'My eyes are old and tired, my neurons weary of the cool logic of AI analysis -- indulge me.'
'INDULGE-ME-indulge-me, or you're busted fool, now indulge me?'
'That kind of thing.'
Justina Robson, Keeping It Real, Gollancz, 2006, p. 90
Felix: Tim! I'd be careful. That's instant glue you're
Tim: It's not like INSTANT-instant.
[Tim's hand gets stuck to the inside of the tank. Tim pulls at
his hand but can't get it free. The phone starts to ring. Tim
looks to Felix.]
[NLLT example: 66a]
GT: Not INTERESTED-interested, like I'm interested in
pursuing something interesting, but... It was fun being in your
company again, and.. Ally figured I was setting the two of you up for
Love Don't Cost a Thing
A: You know, if they catch you staring like that, they're gonna send the jocks down here to kick our asses.
B: No, they won't. We're invisible.
B: Not INVISIBLE-invisible. Just invisible to them.
Caroline in the City
Caroline: Look, when I saw
Julia and Richard together, I was jealous. Not jealous like "Hey, they
could be a couple and I'm not seeing anyone" jealous, but
JEALOUS-jealous, you know what I mean?
Del: Yeah, JEALOUS-jealous.
I had a JOB-job once.
[as opposed to an academic job]
[NLLT example: 3f]
When a Man Loves a Woman
[A pilot is trying to explain to his daughter why his job is
Father: They're trying to bring in kids.
Daughter: Kids can't fly planes.
Father: Not KID-kids, men-kids.
[NLLT example: 31h]
Sounds Like Canada
[interview about divorce counselling]
In many of these situations, you're not just dealing with KIDS-kids, you're dealing with adult kids.
Just a Little Harmless Sex
A: He kissed me.
B: A KISS-kiss?
The Hot Chick
A: When was the last time you kissed her?
B: You mean kiss her, or KISS-HER-kiss-her?
I mean, I know him, but I don't KNOW-HIM-know-him.
[him reduced to a syllabic [m]]
[NLLT example: 41c]
I Really Hate My Job
Abi: He's Danny Huston. I mean, what is not to love?
Alice: I don't know him.
Abi: People don't love movie stars because they KNOW-THEM-know-them.
Julie Benz: And I go over and I give this man a big, giant bear-hug, and I'm like, "Oh my God, what are you doing here? I haven't seen you since..." And I realize I don't know him. And it's Matthew McConaughey. And he's hugging me right back. And I'm like, "Oh my God, I don't know you. I mean, I know you, but I don't KNOW-YOU-know-you like I thought I knew you."
The Sixth Man
Kenny: Nothing, just loosening up. Doing a little bit of
B: What the hell does kong-chi mean, huh?
Antoine: Yeah. What the hell does kong-chi mean?
Kenny: You know, KONG-CHI-kong-chi. It's an ancient
oriental artform of loosening up.
[NLLT example: 18b]
The Family Guy
A: I'm late, Lois.
B: Well if you didn't spend so much time on your hair...
A: No, I mean LATE-late!
[NLLT example: 16]
Will and Grace
Will: Yeah, well, I'll--I'll wait. I'm gonna wait.
Grace: No. Eat without me. I'm gonna be LATE-late.
Will: LATE-late? Why, why, why, why, why?
Audrey: Joey? Did you check out the leak in the bathroom?
Joey: What leak?
[Joey suddenly realizes Audrey is trying to get her
alone for a conversation and plays along.]
Joey: The LEAK-leak!
[Audrey drags Joey into the bathroom.]
[NLLT example: 18a]
Are you LEAVING-leaving?
[as opposed to just stepping out for a moment]
[NLLT example: 4a]
Dave: You're leaving the station?
Lisa: No. No. I'm not LEAVING-leaving.
[NLLT example: 32e]
All My Children
Ryan: Why's your stuff on the bed? You leaving?
Kendall: Yeah. And I want to thank you for letting me
stay here as long as you did. I mean, I really -- never mind.
Ryan: So, like, you're LEAVING-leaving? Leaving town?
Kendall: No such luck.
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Tara: Oh! No, I-I said that all wrong. It was
nothing. Willow and Anya were sort of fighting, and then Xander kind
of snapped at both of them and he left.
Buffy: [alarmed] He left? Xander left Anya?
Tara: [frowning] Ummm ... no, not LEFT-HER-left-her, he just
left. It was only a little thing, it--
I've actually thought about doing more LETTER-letter writing.
[as opposed to e-mail]
All I Want
Jane: I want you to write me a letter.
Jones: A letter?
Jane: Yeah. Like the ones you write to your girlfriends.
But just a LETTER-letter, not a love-letter.
Joey: So, in his own LIKE-like way, he was just freaked
out because she liked him back.
Voice: Oh, I like Jerry a lot.
Elaine: You mean LIKE-like?
Quinn: Um... I like you.
David: I like you, too.
Quinn: No, I mean I LIKE-like you.
David: Oh. Look...
Quinn: I mean, I never thought I could really LIKE-like
someone who wasn't, you know, really cute -- not that you're uncute --
but you know what I mean. You don't try to be cute. Not that I would
ever try to make you try to be cute.
[Ross is still bitter that Rachel has return a present he gave
her to the store. A commercial for sunglasses comes on TV.]
Rachel: Ooh, I like those sunglasses.
Ross: LIKE-'EM-like-'em? Or,
I'd-like-to-get-store-credit-for-that-amount like 'em?
[NLLT example: 1b]
[NLLT example: 41a]
[NLLT example: 84c]
Freaky Friday (2003)
Listen, I feel really stupid. You know, it's just yesterday was freaky, and, I mean, I see your mom, and I like her. I mean, not LIKE-HER-like-her, but, you know, I mean, like her as your mom. Listen, do you think we could just rewind this whole thing and start again?
Dawson: Oh. I got something to tell you that I have a
feeling will keep you awake. I like your sister, Pacey.
Pacey: You like her, or you LIKE-HER-like-her?
Elaine: Ha hum... Do you like George?
Paula: Yeah! He's cool.
Elaine: No, I mean... Do you like him or do you LIKE-HIM-like-him?
Paula: LIKE-like. Looks aren't important to me, you know?
Mary Beth: Look Dawson, you're a nice guy and I like you.
Do I LIKE-YOU-like-you? No. You're a little too neurotic for that.
[NLLT example: 41d]
One Life to Live
Todd: All right, you listen to me now, and you listen --
like LISTEN-listen, OK? You don't redesign anything. So whatever you
did, you put it back the way it was. You got that?
Gabrielle, you're not LISTENING-listening, OK? The only thing that
I want you to redesign is your attitude. If you want keep that job,
you don't do anything --
Narrator: Now, most people don't know this but there are
two kinds of logic. There's LOGIC-logic and then there's
A: He has long hair?
B: Not LONG-long hair.
[Denny is getting ready to leave a boat-racing competition after winning in the quarter-finals, but losing in the semi-finals.]
Denny: Do tennis players stay and watch other tennis players win?
Wilson: I don't know.
Denny: No, they don't. Losers leave.
Wilson: You didn't... LOSE-lose.
Denny: Wilson, I'm not in the finals, which means we don't have to drive in the dark.
Dr. Joyce (on the TV): Well, there are two kinds of love,
Jerry. There's wellness love, which is good love, healthy love,
George Michael: She loves Saddam Hussein.
Michael: I'm sure she doesn't love Saddam. I'm sure she is interested in him as a subject, you know.
George Michael: Right. That's what I meant.
George Michael: I kind of love her.
Michael: You mean, you love her like... like she loves Saddam. Right?
George Michael: No, no. I mean, like, LOVE-HER-love-her.
Dylan: Don't think virgin Madonna, think MADONNA-Madonna.
[giving dating tips to his friend, Jez]
They just call him psycho-Marcus because they're trying to
distinguish between him and MARCUS-Marcus and normal-Marcus.
[NLLT example: 9b]
A: I ran into Mark the other day.
Will and Grace
Will: Yeah. She's here, and she's married.
Harlin: Oh! Is she married like I'm married, or is she
Will: I think somewhere in the middle. Drink?
Like many, I've fallen into an Internet romance -- many compelling
e-mails and instant messages exchanged with an attractive, very
sexual, captivating woman. ... She confesses to loving the literary
me, but not the ME-me.
letter to advice columnist Cary Tennis, salon.com, June 17,
Kate: No, I am not going down that road again.
Frasier: 'Course you're not. Because at the end of that
road is a cul-de-sac of vulnerability. That's not you, is it? No,
Kate: [incredulous] "Cul-de-sac of vulnerability"? [fed-up]
Alright, listen. You see me for a couple of hours out of
every day, and you think you know me? The ME-me? Alright,
I can be tough - okay, I've gotta be. I can also be tender.
Spontaneous. Shy. Lusty. Playful.
[NLLT example: 11b]
Roz: Hold on, Frasier. Cashmere for under 40 bucks?
I'll take one in black. In medium.
Wait, is that MEDIUM-medium or unrealistic-anorexic-model-medium?
Mindy: It sounds like you might want to go for the large.
He needs MONEY-money?
[one cashier to another regarding reimbursing in cash rather than by cheque]
I considered my mother's stepmother a relative. I never knew my mother's MOTHER-mother.
The Facts of Life
[the headmaster introducing Mrs. Garrett to Blair Warner's
Mrs. Garrett, Blair's housemother -- Mrs. Warner, Blair's
Days of Our Lives
Sami: You know, I've been thinking, um, maybe we should
Austin: Yeah, I mean, of course we're not going to keep
two separate apartments.
Sami: No, I mean MOVE-move. I mean move out of Salem.
Liam Lacey, The Globe and Mail, November 26, 2004
[start of review]
During this pre-Christmas cinematic bang, when the multiplexes are bursting with animated fairy tales, event movies and bookish adaptations, you might find yourself with a craving for a real MOVIE-movie.
[end of review]
It must be admitted that, for a MOVIE-movie, Infernal Affairs is subversively arty.
Made in Canada
[The speakers are talking about a former colleague's recent
lawsuit against them.]
A: That doesn't sound like Murray.
B: Remember that he joined that cult, the Spiritologists?
[NLLT example: 10]
[B is about to give a recital.]
A: Are you nervous?
B: Yeah, but, you know, not NERVOUS-nervous.
[NLLT example: 4b]
[NLLT example: 13]
[NLLT example: 84b]
[voice-over of a man thinking of all his friends' recent
Kevin: And it's weird, because I realized I was next.
I mean, it's like I knew already. Well, I wasn't NEXT-next. That
[cut to scene of another friend's wedding]
Little Mosque on the Prairie
Amaar: There's no budget for a new set.
Yasir: That is why I will build you one for nothing.
Amaar: NOTHING-Nothing, or Yasir-nothing?
Caroline in the City
Caroline: I know, but I didn't think you meant
NUTS-nuts. I thought you meant raisin nipple nuts. Oh my god, I
mean, she was just so convincing! I feel like a fool!
[get context -- SCRPT121.HTM]
I think she's OLDER-older.
[in reference to relative sibling ages]
[NLLT example: 32d]
She's like gonna go OUT-out tonight.
[so just coming over to our house isn't going to
Brittany: I've had it! Kevin and I are finally over for
Angie: Is it OVER-over, like the time he got you a
football for your birthday, or just over, like the time he thought
your goldfish needed air?
Brittany: No, this time it's really OVER-over. And as
fellow cheerleaders, you have to swear on a stack of pompoms not to go
to the dance with that two-timing, scum of the earth, Kevin.
Sex and the City
To some, pain implies growth. But how do we know when
the growing pains stop and the PAIN-pains take over?
[NLLT example: 31e]
I want PAPER-paper, the-kind-you-can-write-on paper.
[after being offered a newspaper]
Elena: Well, if it's alright with you, I made an
executive decision to have a painting party on Friday.
Noel: A painting party?
Elena: Not a PARTY-party. Just hanging out. We'll get a
few people in here to help get rid of this ugly wallpaper.
The Bold and the Beautiful
Kristen: Honey, that's really sweet. But it's not really
a PARTY-party. It's more of a small family get-together. So I think
your friend might feel a little uncomfortable.
Jill: Anyway, it's at two o'clock on Saturday and a lot of
people from work are gonna be there.
Tim: D'you mean a lot of PEOPLE-people, or a lot of
[NLLT example: 33b]
No, I need a PIN-pin.
[in response to being handed a safety pin]
Joey: Strip poker. I leave you alone for 2 seconds, and
you end up playing strip poker?
Pacey: Originally this was just POKER-poker, until I
started kicking his ass. Then your friendly neighborhood co-worker
decides to change the stakes on me, but I'm finished now, and, uh, we
can just leave?
[Jay Leno talking about drug-testing for prisoners]
What if they fail the test? Do they go to PRISON-prison?
The Tonight Show, May 4, 2000
Joan of Arcadia
[family in a family therapy session]
Helen: Well, this wasn't for our problems. This was to help the kids.
Will: Our problems affect the kids.
Helen: [to therapist]
He doesn't mean PROBLEM-problems.
We had a guest prof, and a guy in the class was opening an e-mail attachment that cranked the volume up, and there's a sound attachment that yells out "Hey everyone, I'm looking at porno!" and the PROF-prof was just shaking his head in shame.
Michael: OK. OK, sure. Me and you, tomorrow night,
nothing but fun. I promise.
Maria: Do you really promise?
Michael: I PROMISE-promise.
Maria: Can I have a Snapple?
Rape? Raping you? Your father's brother RAPE-raped you?
I talk about it in the book, but I don't tell what REALLY-really
[author of a book about alien abductions]
[This one could be analyzed as just repeating the really, but it had exactly the same stress and rhythm as a CR, not the stress and rhythm of an ordinary repeated really. ]
Customer: Could I get a regular coffee, please?
[at a trendy coffee shop with too many choices.]
I could never be with a guy in a RELATIONSHIP-relationship.
[NLLT example: 36a]
Sounds Like Canada
Shelagh Rogers: Do you mean RELATIONSHIPS-relationships or just relationships?
k.d. lang: Oh, all sorts of relationships.
Carolyn: He's mentally retarded.
Doctor: You say retarded. Retarded's not a medical term. How retarded?
They are rich, of course; obscenely rich by the world's
standards; but not RICH-rich, not New York City rich.
Michael Cunningham, The Hours, Picador: New York. 1998,
We'd like to thank Roland Pfau not only for sending us this example
but for also looking up the relevant sentence in the more recently
published German translation. It reads: "... aber nicht richtig
reich, nicht nach den Maßstäben von New York City." (... but not
really rich, not after the standards of NYC.)
[NLLT example: 5a]
Murder She Wrote
[This mandatory end-of-the-show murder confession came from a
real estate agent. ]
You know what it's like, working with the rich all
these years, not being rich ourselves - not RICH-rich.
Frasier: Niles is up here with Roz.
Daphne: Roz? You mean ROZ-Roz?
Tim Horton's commercial
[Some time after a coffee-shop customer tells an employee he's in a rush.]
Employee: You're still here?
Customer: It's not a RUSH-rush.
I'll make the tuna salad and you make the SALAD-salad.
[NLLT example: 1a]
[NLLT example: 3a]
When can I see you?
You are seeing me.
I mean SEE-YOU-see-you.
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Buffy: I thought you were gonna go see Tara.
Willow: (unhappy) Saw her. Saw her completely.
Buffy: Ouch. Just got a scratch from all that brittle.
Willow: It's... when I was seeing her, she was
seeing someone else. A girl.
Buffy: You mean--
Willow: I mean ... not SEEING-seeing. Well, maybe. I
don't know, it was inconclusive, and I didn't stick around to find
out. Might have magicked my fist through a wall or something.
Buffy: Will, I'm sorry.
Willow: I mean, they're probably just friends. [pouty] I
press my lips against my friends' all the time.
Totally SELF-self directed.
newspaper ad for a self-directed Retirement Savings
[NLLT example: 40a]
Friend: You guys are getting pretty serious.
Felicity: No! I mean, not SERIOUS-serious.
I'm not SICK-sick. It's just that I had surgery two weeks ago.
[someone explaining over dinner at a restaurant why she has to choose from the menu carefully. Others in the group had been complaining about feeling under-the-weather.]
Tripping the Rift
A: Have you considered a career in slaving?
B: Isn't that the same thing we did under the dark clowns?
A: Oh no, that was SLAVE-slaveing. This is wage-slaving.
Brittany: Oh, Kevvy, I only kissed Robert to get even
with you for kissing Zoe, it didn't mean anything, and now I know you
do love me and you really mean it when you say smart doesn't matter,
although I think I'm smarter than you think I am, although I know I'm
not smarter than the really SMART-smart people, so I forgive you!
Jez: I'm sorry.
Dylan: You're sorry or you're SORRY-sorry?
Jez: I'm SORRY-sorry.
A special relationship or a SPECIAL-special relationship.
[someone responding to a joking remark about the closeness of their relationship]
Nadia: Well. You have seen me. Now it is my turn to see you. Strip.
Nadia: Yes, slowly.
Jim: You mean like, STRIP-strip?
[Lorelai is acting distracted since Max asked her to marry
Lorelai: I got stuff on my mind.
Rory: Max stuff?
Lorelai: No, STUFF-stuff.
Rory: You're lying.
I like wind-surfing not SURF-surfing.
[male, 70 years old]
[NLLT example: 37]
Host: Was there anything really surprising in it?
Interviewee: Well, not SURPRISING-surprising.
[Radio interview (NPR, Wichita) about the report of a
[NLLT example: 36b]
But just because a scripture says God's talking doesn't mean he's TALK-talking. People tend to take license with that detail. It's not always gonna be, "Hello, Jaye."
In fact I barely talked to him. Not TALK-talked.
Alex Garland, The Beach
[NLLT example: 31d]
[NLLT example: 66c]
I talked to him that week, but I didn't TALK-TO-HIM-talk-to-him.
[speaker explaining why she hadn't broken some news to someone when she had said she would]
[NLLT example: 42b]
Sounds Like Canada
Not in the TEMPLE-temple, but in a building next door to the temple, but still on temple grounds.
And it's there. Not just out there, but THERE-there.
[on the pressures contributing to obesity]
Shelagh Rogers, Sounds Like Canada, November 12, 2003
E. Lockhart, The Boyfriend List, Delacorte Press, 2005, pp 36-37
"...It was dead in there and his boss was off, so he came and sat with me." Kim looked down at her lap.
"Was it a thing?" I asked.
"Yeah," she said. "I think it was a thing."
"What kind of thing?" Cricket wanted to know.
"A THING-thing? You mean, really?"
"Well, was it, or wasn't it?"
"Okay, it was. It was definitely a THING-thing."
"Wait a minute," I said. "Are you saying there was kissing?"
Kim looked at the sky. "I'm not saying there wasn't."
"You kissed Finn Murphy?" squealed Cricket.
"Kanga had a THING-thing/kissing thing with Finn Murphy yesterday afternoon and we're only hearing about it now?" Cricket sounded outraged.
"I had a lot of homework," said Kim.
"That's no excuse. You could have e-mailed us, at least," said Cricket. "You are shockingly out of line, young lady. THING-things with stud-muffins that no one else knows about? What is the world coming to?"
"Wait!" I held up my hand. "It's only a real and true THING-thing if the kissing was good."
Noel: So you...you and Ben are together?
Noel: Good for you.
Julie: We're not...we're not TOGETHER-together. We're
just...we're hanging out. A lot.
Becky: Supposedly, Susan thought she saw John and Gina
together, you know, like together. But they weren't
TOGETHER-together, they were just studying together. But Susan
might break up anyway.
Anita: But you are together.
Groo: [putting a hand on Angel's shoulder] Yes! Two
champions here together.
Angel: [pushing Groo's hand off] Not TOGETHER-together. Just
"get the potion" together.
As the World Turns
Abigail: Bryant saw Jennifer and his cousin together.
Abigail: Yeah, and he found out that Adam and I knew all
Days of Our Lives
Chloe: It's not like Philip and I are TOGETHER-together,
it's -- we're just hanging out, seeing how things go.
One Life to Live
Blair: He's very lucky to have you in his life,
Nora. Especially now.
Nora: I'm hardly in his life at the moment.
Blair: I know that you guys aren't TOGETHER-together, but
when I walked in here just now, it's obvious that you still care about
him. I'm right to say that? I mean, you do still care about Sam,
[At the last meeting before summer break of a committee whose
minutes have to be approved in order to be legally binding]
Chair: We should approve tonight's minutes.
Secretary: We just did. [pointing to the just-approved
minutes of the previous meeting]
Chair: No, TONIGHT'S-tonight's minutes.
[I.e., we should pre-approve the minutes of the current meeting
before they're written.]
[NLLT example: 32f]
Advisor: That can work to your advantage. Elite schools
are generally looking for people with diverse backgrounds. You're at
the top of your class, Joey.
Joey: The TOP-top?
Advisor: Number 4, and your board scores are
phenomenal. I think that you should be able to get into practically
any place in the country.
Jen: What do you want me to say?
Dawson: The truth.
Jen: OK, the TRUTH-truth, or the what-Dawson-wants-to-hear
As the World Turns
Rosanna: I like the sound of that. Even though I know I
would be a fool to believe every word you say.
Craig: Baby [kisses Rosanna] -- baby -- but there was
truth in that.
Rosanna: TRUTH-truth, or convenient-in-the-moment truth?
Craig: What's the difference?
A: You said you wanted "gritty", that means ugly.
B: Marianne-of-Gilligan's-Island ugly, not
Cornelius-of-Planet-of-the-Apes ugly. TV ugly, not
[The actor in question, overhearing this, says afterwards
something like "I've been called ugly before, but I've never
been called UGLY-ugly!"]
[A phones B early in the morning.]
A: Sorry. Did I get you up?
B: I'm up, I'm just not UP-up.
[NLLT example: 1d]
No, I didn't get UP-up.
[someone experiencing temporary insomnia responding to concern.]
Once and Again
Lily: You have to get up.
Rick: I am up.
Lily: I mean UP-up.
[NLLT example: 4c]
Look at all the yellow vans on the road. Not vans like ours
[i.e., minivans], but VAN-vans.
[NLLT example: 3b]
[NLLT example: 31c]
Look, folks. You've picked a very busy spot. The war comes through here.
Well, not war in your war-fighting sense, but rather in your aftermath
sense, which is still WAR-war.
Dressmaker: Here's the skinny. We dressmakers have a very strict code, so I need to know, do you deserve to wear virginal white? Because if you don't, you'll have to wear an off-white, what we call a hussy white. So which will it be, WHITE-white?
Margo: Yes. Um... except for the gloves.
She's a WIFE-wife.
[meaning "stay-at-home, subordinate-your-career-to-your-man
wife" (German native speaker) ]
Caller: Dr Crane? It's Woody. I'm in Seattle and I'm a little
Frasier: Well Woody, in today's fast paced, high pressure
society that's not uncommon. Just why exactly do you feel lost?
Caller: Well, I've been driving around for about an hour,
I can't seem to get out of the airport.
Frasier: [the penny drops] Oh, WOODY-Woody. Oh well,
listeners, this is an old friend of mine from back in Boston. Well,
how you doin' there, you old cowpoke?
Wednesday is my WORK-work day.
[stay-at-home mother explaining that since her ex has the kids
from Tuesday night till after school Wednesday, this is the day she
gets all the housework, laundry, gardening done]
[NLLT example: 40b]
Phoebe: Are you moving out?
Paige: No, just cleaning out.
Piper: Your art supplies?
Paige: Well, between witch work and WORK-work, I just
don't have any time any more.
Buzz: [stammers] No, I mean, you know, it's like labor
for you in the gulag. I wouldn't want to make it worse.
Marina: No, I mean, I don't mind, like, giving you a hand
if you need one. I mean, it could be different from the whole
punishment thing. You know, like actual WORK-work.
Buzz: Are you asking me for a job?
Phoebe: Grams, it's a boy. Look at the outfit.
Paige: You didn't know?
Grams: Well, no, I--I mean, I just assumed it was a -- what went wrong?
[Grams turns around to look at Leo. She immediately tries to cover her insult.]
Grams: Oh, well, I--I don't mean WRONG-wrong, it's just that we've always
Piper: Now we have a boy.
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Giles: I'm afraid he was, he was, um, terribly
mauled. Now, uh, much as I hate to think it, i-i-it could be the
handiwork of, of...
Oz (a werewolf): Me.
Willow: Wolf you, not YOU-you.
Xander: But it's not. Not wolf you, not YOU-you.
A: Is it me?
B: No, it's not you ... I mean, yes it's you but it's not
[A freak computer accident has transformed Justine into a man
Chas: Fran's been asking after you.
Justine/Jake: She's obviously getting frantic.
Chas: No, you. YOU-you, not the other you, not
Justine/Jake: Fran's been asking about Jake?
"The Bean Bean"
[heading found after a description of many different types of
Patrick Lima, The Kitchen Garden, Toronto: Key Porter,
1992, p. 96
thanks to David Heap for this example
By part of speech
noun: Air-Canada, Amherst, artist, Auckland, bank, beach, Beacon-Street, boat, bone, boyfriend, businessman, car, celebrity, change, Chicago, Christian, class, coffee, couple, cow, cred, crime, date, date, date, date, date, date, date, dinner, dive, doctor, dog, door, drink, drink, drink, economist, end, escort, fans, fight, fireplace, flute, food, friend, friends, friends, Garth, girl, girl, glove, green-tea, guy, Guys, guys, hat, highway, hint, history, hive, home, home, home, home, house, job, kid, kids, kiss, kong-chi, leak, letter, letter, logic, love, Madonna, Marcus, Mark, money, mother, mother, movie, Murray, pain, paper, party, party, people, pin, poker, prison, problem, prof, relationship, relationships, Roz, rush, salad, slave, stuff, temple, thing, tonight's, top, truth, truth, van, war, wife, Woody, work, work, work, ???,
noun phrase: a-car,
verb: be, bowling, cried, die, dying, enjoy, going, handle, happened, help, leaving, leaving, leaving, like, like, listen, lose, move, promise, rape, seeing, strip, surf, talk, talk,
verb phrase: broke-it-off, considered-it, go somewhere, indulge-me, kiss-her, know-him, know-them, know-you, left-her, like-'em, like-her, like-her, like-him, like-you, love-her, see-you, talk-to-him,
adjective: aggressive, aggressive, alone, bad, bad, better, dead, dead, dead, dead, done, evil, familiar, favorite, final, French, French, Funny, funny, gay, geeky, good, hardest, hot, instant, interested, invisible, jealous, late, late, long, married, medium, nervous, next, nuts, older, regular, retarded, rich, rich, serious, sick, smart, sorry, special, surprising, ugly, white, wrong,
adverb: a-lot, a-lot, here, over, really, there, together, together, together, together, together, together,
adverb/preposition: out, up, up, up,
pronoun: me, me, Nothing, you, you, you,
proper name: Air-Canada, Amherst, Auckland, Beacon-Street, Chicago, Garth, Madonna, Marcus, Mark, Murray, Roz, Woody,
Air-Canada, all-done, Amherst, Auckland, bank, Beacon-Street, bowling, broke-it-off, businessman, cake, change, Christian, class, couple, deaf, drink, drink, final, fireplace, food, French, gay, glove, green-tea, hat, here, hot, job, know-him, leaving, letter, long, Marcus, money, mother, nervous, older, out, paper, pin, prof, really, regular, relationship, salad, sick, special, surf, talk-to-him, tonight's, up, up, van, wife, work,
a-lot, bad, bad, car, cow, date, dog, economist, end, friends, go somewhere, guy, highway, home, indulge-me, me, movie, rich, self, talk, thing, ???,
artist, bone, cred, dead, fans, flute, Guys, history, kids, relationships, surprising, temple, there,
a-car (Foreign Exchange) aggressive (I Heart Huckabees) Chicago (The Whole Nine Yards) dead (Nadine) die (Dickie Roberts, Former Child Star) dinner (Seven Girlfriends) drink (Duct Tape Forever) familiar (Dick) French (The Five Senses) Garth (I Heart Huckabees) geeky (Virtual Sexuality) girl (Euro-trip) girl (Boys Don't Cry) guy (Six Days, Seven Nights) hardest (Enough) invisible (Love Don't Cost a Thing) kid (When a Man Loves a Woman) kiss (Just a Little Harmless Sex) kiss-her (The Hot Chick) know-them (I Really Hate My Job) kong-chi (The Sixth Man) letter (All I Want) like-her (Freaky Friday (2003)) lose (Love Liza) Madonna (Shooting Fish) Mark (Heights) next (Chillicothe) rape (Finding Amanda) retarded (Pumpkin) sorry (Shooting Fish) strip (American Pie) you (Chances Are) you (Virtual Sexuality)
a-lot (Wonderfalls) aggressive (Felicity) alone (Significant Others) beach (Port Charles) better (Gideon's Crossing) boat (Dawson's Creek) boyfriend (Just Shoot Me) coffee (Hyperion Bay) considered-it (Dawson's Creek) cried (Home Improvement) crime (Port Charles) date (Dead Like Me) date (Frasier) date (Dawson's Creek) date (As the World Turns) date (Days of Our Lives) date (Days of Our Lives) dead (Dead Like Me) dead (Red Dwarf) dive (Joan of Arcadia) doctor (The Big Bang Theory) done (The Simpsons) door (Grace Under Fire) dying (Joan of Arcadia) enjoy (Everybody Loves Raymond) escort (Neon Rider) evil (Angel) favorite (As the World Turns) fight (Seinfeld) friend (Felicity) friends (All My Children) Funny (Snakes and Ladders) funny (Gilmore Girls) going (Everwood) good (As the World Turns) guys (Guiding Light) handle (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) happened (Red Dwarf) help (Firefly) hint (Arrested Development) hive (Port Charles) home (Gilmore Girls) home (Guiding Light) home (Port Charles) house (Veronica Mars) instant (Home Improvement) interested (Ally McBeal) jealous (Caroline in the City) know-you (The Hour) late (The Family Guy) late (Will and Grace) leak (Dawson's Creek) leaving (News Radio) leaving (All My Children) left-her (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) like (Dawson's Creek) like (Seinfeld) like (Daria) like-'em (Friends) like-her (Dawson's Creek) like-him (Seinfeld) like-you (Dawson's Creek) logic (Wonder Years) love (Forever Knight) love-her (Arrested Development) married (Will and Grace) me (Frasier) medium (Frasier) mother (The Facts of Life) move (Days of Our Lives) Murray (Made in Canada) Nothing (Little Mosque on the Prairie) nuts (Caroline in the City) over (Daria) pain (Sex and the City) party (Felicity) party (The Bold and the Beautiful) people (Home Improvement) poker (Dawson's Creek) prison (The Tonight Show, May 4, 2000) problem (Joan of Arcadia) promise (Roswell) rich (Murder She Wrote) Roz (Frasier) rush (Tim Horton's commercial) see-you (Popular) seeing (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) serious (Felicity) slave (Tripping the Rift) smart (Daria) stuff (Gilmore Girls) talk (Wonderfalls) together (Felicity) together (Wonder Years) together (Angel) together (As the World Turns) together (Days of Our Lives) together (One Life to Live) top (Dawson's Creek) truth (Dawson's Creek) truth (As the World Turns) ugly (The Simpsons) up (Once and Again) war (M*A*S*H) white (The Critic) Woody (Frasier) work (Charmed) work (Guiding Light) wrong (Charmed) you (Buffy the Vampire Slayer)
suffix copied: aggressive, artist, bowling, cried, dying, fans, friends, friends, going, Guys, guys, happened, hardest, kids, leaving, leaving, leaving, listen, married, nuts, older, relationships, retarded, seeing, surprising, tonight's,
suffix not copied: bone, car, couple, die, friend, girl, glove, guy, hive, kid, pain, problem, rape, slave, surf, talk, talk, thing, van,
compound: Air-Canada, Beacon-Street, boyfriend, businessman, cake, deaf, fireplace, green-tea, highway, letter, self, work,
inflected: bone, car, couple, cried, die, dying, fans, friend, friends, friends, girl, glove, going, guy, Guys, guys, happened, hardest, hive, kid, kids, leaving, leaving, listen, older, pain, problem, rape, relationships, seeing, talk, talk, thing, tonight's, van,
derivation: done, economist, geeky, married, nuts, relationship, surprising,
NLLT example number: