Vancouver Electric Railway and Light Company (28 June 1890 - April 1894)
Incorporated 1886 and again in 1889 (both BC) as the Vancouver Street Railways Company. Reconstituted as the VERy&LCo 21 May 1890 (BC). Entered receivership May 1893. Acquired at bankruptcy by the CRy&LCo.
Consolidated Railway and Light Company (April 1894 - 17 April
Incorporated April 1894. Acquired Westminster & Vancouver interurban 1895. Name changed to CRyCo 1896.
Consolidated Railway Company (17 April 1896 - 15 April 1897)
Acquired transit services in Victoria in 1896. Sold at bankruptcy to the BCER.
British Columbia Electric Railway Company (15 April 1897 -
30 March 1962)
Incorporated 03 April 1897 (Imp). Also operated transit service in Victoria and interurban service on the Saanich Peninsula and the Lower Mainland. Sold to the province 1962.
British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (30 March 1962 - 31 August 1973)
The Buzzer Vol 58, No. 3 (02 February 1973) and Canadian Coach 1966 cites Metropolitan Transit System. Provincial government entity. Operator of transit services in Vancouver and Victoria. (CUTA 1976-77, photos: Peter Cox, Angus McIntyre).
Greater Vancouver Transit System (31 August 1973 - 31 March 1983)
Operated under contract by the BCH&PA 1973 - 31 March 1980. Operated by the Metro Transit Operating Company under contract to the Urban Transit Authority from 01 April 1980. WVMT operations absorbed 1980 although WVMT remained the contracted operator of the “Blue Buses.” (photo: Peter Cox)
Vancouver Regional Transit System (01 April 1983 - 31 March 1999)
Operated 1983 - 01 June 1985 by MTOC.
“The Vancouver Regional Transit System services are operated by BC Transit, West Vancouver Municipal Transportation Department (Blue Buses), and B.C. Rapid Transit Company Ltd. (SkyTrain).” (Vancouver Transit Guide, 1986).
“Services are operated for the Vancouver Regional Transit System by BC Transit, the West Vancouver Municipal Transportation Department, Independant Bus and Transportation Inc., and British Columbia Rapid Transit Operating Company Ltd. (SkyTrain)” (BC Transit 1989/90). Maple Ridge network absorbed 16 December 1991, with Independent Bus and Transportation, Ltd. continuing as the contract operator for local routes until 19 October 1992 when BC Transit took over (Brian Mills, 2001). (CUTA 1989, CUTA 1991/2, CUTA 1992) (Images: Blinkpunkt Straßenbahn (ETB), BC Archives I-09409 [123k] (SkyTrain))
|Service area population||1,400,000||Vehicle fleet||7?? buses,
150 SkyTrain cars,
2 SeaBus ferries (1998)
|Data source:||CUTA 1991/2
BC Transit web site 1998
TransLink, the Regional Transportation Network (01 April 1999 - present)
Established July 1998 (BC) as Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority and renamed TransLink 01 April 1999. On 01 April 1999 Coast Mountain Bus Company (originally to be Coast Mountain BusLink) assumed responsibility for bus operations in the Vancouver area, excluding the West Vancouver “Blue Buses”. CMB is a subsidiary of TransLink. TransLink itself operates the Skytrain, Seabus, Albion Ferry, major roads and bridges, West Coast Express and the AirCare emission testing program for cars. Starting 31 May 1999 Bowen Island Community Transit began operating transit service on Bowen Island, under contract to TransLink (CTN 1999). From 29 November 2007 the agency's full name has been South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority. (website).
|Vehicle fleet:||832 buses (CMBCo), |
38 buses (WVMT),
150 SkyTrain cars,
2 SeaBus ferries (2000)
|Data source:||TransLink web site 1999, |
CTF [Aug. 2010] (ridership)
Union Steamship Company (1893 - 1899)
Ferry service between Vancouver and North Vancouver. Franchise arrangement with the City of North Vancouver. Municipality assumed operations briefly in 1899 before they were transferred to a new entity (Wilson).
North Vancouver Ferry and Power Company (1899 - 1958)
Ferry service between Vancouver and North Vancouver. Ferry service discontinued in 1958. (photo City of Vancouver Archives).
Jitney Association of Vancouver (30 March 1915 - ?)
The “jitney craze” in Vancouver played out in similar fashion to other Canadian cities. The first jitneys appeared mid November 1914 and by April 1915 there were about 325 in service. By June 1915 there were 664 licenced jitneys in Vancouver when new bonding requirements reduced the field to about 250. There were 450 licenced jitneys as of 01 Novemeber 1915. By February 1916 there were 160 licenced jitneys, and 285 by June 1917. Various operators and associations came and went quickly. CR&MW made note of the following:
City of North Vancouver (circa August 1918 - 1918?)
The North Vancouver City council operated a jitney service on the Lynne Valley road between Center Road and city limits (CR&MW September 1918, p. 403).
Deep Cove Stage Lines (? - circa 1946)
Service to Deep Cove in North Vancouver. Absorbed circa 1946 by Pacific Stage Lines (John Day 2003).
Deep Cove Stage Lines (? - 01 August 1973)
Operation to Deep Cove. Acquired by the BC government in preparation for the establishment of the GVTS. (Canadian Coach 1968, Scrafton et al. 1970)
False Creek Ferries (1982 - present)
Division of Granville Island Ferries Ltd. Point-to-point shuttle boat service on False Creek (Vanier Park to Science World). (website 2000).
|Data source:||False Creek Ferries web site 2000|
Aquabus (1986? - present)
Point-to-point shuttle boat service on False Creek (DAW 1986).
Downtown Historic Railway (29 July 1998 - October 2008, summer 2011 (summer seasons))|
Heritage tramway service along the south shore of False Creek in Vancouver operated by the Transit Museum Society (TRAMS) in cooperation with the City of Vancouver. In conjunction with the 2010 Winter Olympics part of this line was operated (21 January 2010 - 21 March 2010) with modern light rail vehicles by the City of Vancouver as the “Olympic Line” LRT. (photo Dale Laird)
|Vehicle fleet||2 interurban streetcars||Data source:||DHR Website 1998|
Pacific Commuter (03 July 2012 - ?)
Single weekdaily round trip between Vancouver and Cloverdale and Langley scheduled for commuters. Service describes itself as a “club”. Probably short-lived. (website 2012).
English Bay Launch (circa April 2013 - present?)
Weekdaily commercial commuter passenger ferry operation between Snug Cove on Bowen Island and Granville Island (Vancouver) and Coal Harbour (downtown Vancouver). (website 2013, Bowen Island Undercurrent 04 April 2013).
Aldergrove Trolley Company (03 June 2013 - 23 August 2013)
Weekdaily mid-day bus service (5 round trips) serving central Aldergrove, Gloucester and Pioneer Park areas. Service suspended 26 August 2013. (website 2013).
|Vehicle fleet||1 bus|
|data source:||website 2013|
Bowen Express (05 January 2015 - present)
Express bus service between Bowen Island and downtown Vancouver operated by Bowen Island Community Transit under arrangements with BC Ferries (not TransLink). Intended to help alleviate restricted ferry capacity due to vessel refitting. (No fare integration or transfer arrangements with TransLink). Approximately 30 April 2015 the “Independent Transit Service agreement” was transferred to Peter King (Bowen Island Undercurrent 30 April 2015). (Bowen Island Undercurrent 12 February 2015).
Beyond-Shuttle (circa 11 October 2018 - present)
Privately operated shuttle between Surrey and UBC. Operated by Beyond Travels Inc. with the approval of TransLink. Initally plan to call the service B-Shuttle denied by TransLink due to potential confusion with their “B-Line” express services.
New Westminster and Burnaby Systems
Westminster and Vancouver Tramway Company (03 June 1891 - 13 April 1895)
Incorporated 26 April 1890 (BC). Included by amalgamation 20 April 1891 the Westminster Street Railway Company (inc. 26 Apr. 1890, BC). Very limited service on the incomplete interurban line began 03 June 1891 (Ewert 1986). New Westminister city service was reported on by a local newspaper 07 October 1891 but may have been operated for some time (Ewert 1986). Acquired by the CRyCo at sherriff's auction 13 April 1895.
Neville Transportation Company (? - 01 July 1947)
Transit service in Burnaby acquired 1947 by the BCER (Canadian Coach 1966, photo: Peter Cox).
Downtown Uptown Connector (October 2015 - 28 May 2017 (Thursdays - Sundays))
Also called The DUC. Free local shuttle service in central New Westminster. Sponsored by River Market and the City of New Westminster. Operated by contractor Universal Coach Line Ltd. (New Westminster Record 13 July 2016, website 2016).
|Data source:||website (2016)|
Q to Q Ferry (04 August 2017 - 24 September 2017 [weekends], 19 May 2018 - 28 October 2018)
Pilot demonstration ferry service between Westminster Quay and Queensborough on Lulu Island. 2017 service operated Friday evenings, and all day Saturdays, Sundays, & holiday Mondays in August and September. Service in 2018 was daily. Sponsored by the City of New Westminster.
West Vancouver Systems
West Vancouver Launch Service (1905 - 1908)
Owners John Lawson and William C. Thompson. Ferry service between Vancouver and West Vancouver. Incorporated in 1909 as the WVTCo (Wilson).
West Vancouver Transportation Company (08 November 1908 - 1912)
Ferry service between Vancouver and West Vancouver. Wilson calls this the West Vancouver Ferry Company. Purchased 1912 by West Van. Municipal (Kelly & Francis).
West Vancouver Municipal Transportation (1912 - 1980)
Servicing West Vancouver. (Dawes et al. 1972, other sources cite West Vancouver Municipal Lines). Operated ferry service between Vancouver and West Vancouver 1912-1947. Introduced jitney service connecting with the ferries circa 1915. Service merged with the GVTS 1980, although it retains it's on-street identity as a separate operating arm of Translink. (photos: Peter Cox, City of Vancouver Archives, Angus McIntyre).
Pacific Great Eastern Railway (01 January 1914 - 29 November 1928)
While the PGE (later BC Rail) was certainly never intended as urban transit, the railway's North Vancouver to West Vancouver line was essentially just a passenger interurban gascar railway from its construction to the closure of the line in 1928. (photos: British Columbia Archives: Visual Records Catalogue, call number G-02874, City of Vancouver Archives)
Columbia Stage Lines (1934 - 23 May 1969)
Suburban services to Port Moody and Coquitlam (Canadian Coach 1966, 1969). (Photos: Peter Cox, Gordon Henry Collection).
Sabina Intercity Transit Company (22 October 1969 - 31 August 1973)
Service in Coquitlam, Port Coquitlam and Port Moody. Succeeded by the GVTS. (Photo: Peter Cox)
Shoreline Shuttle (01 June 2018 - 03 September 2018)
Summertime free bus service connecting Inlet Centre, Rocky Point Park and Moody Centre. Operating Friday evenings and Saturday & Sunday afternoons and evenings only. Sponsored by the City of Port Moody.
Richmond, Delta and Surrey Systems
Richmond Transportation (? - 01 October 1946)
Suburban transit service in Richmond acquired 1946 by the BCER (Canadian Coach 1966).
? (1945 - 1949)
Bus service in Surrey owned by R.L. (Reg) Taylor, R.D. Hawthorne and Jim Ferguson and run in conjunction with Taylor's Taxis. Became SSL with a change in ownership in 1949. (Brown).
Semiahmoo Stage Lines (1949 - before 1953)
Bus service in Surrey owned by Johnny Taylor, his wife Ruth Taylor, and J.D. MacMillan. Another change in ownership renamed the enterprise WRBL. (Brown).
White Rock Bus Lines (before 1953 - 1964)
Surrey bus service owned by husband and wife Jim Ferguson and Vi (Viola) Ferguson, who later sold the operation to Dick Baker and Jim Draggon who owned Vancouver Bus Lines and Metro Bus Lines. Operation sold again in 1964 to become SBS. (Brown)
Surrey Bus Service Ltd. (1964 - 1974)
Suburban service in southern Surrey (Canadian Coach 1971). Owners: Ralph Wyborn and Joyce Wyborn. Local bus service in Surrey assumed by GVTS 1974. Company continued as a school and charter bus operation into the early 1990s. (Brown).
Pacific Stage Lines (December 1924 - 01 April 1979)
Chiefly an intercity carrier, operated some local and suburban services in the greater Vancouver area. Suburban service in Surrey begun 08 November 1966 (Canadian Coach 1966, 1973). Incorporated as B.C. Motor Transportation Limited (Canadian Coach 1967, Kelly & Francis, photo: Peter Cox).
Maple Ridge System
Maple Ridge Bus Lines (early 1970s?)
(Scrafton et al. 1970). Canadian Coach 1971 cites a Maple Ridge Bus Service.
[Maple Ridge Transit System] (1976 - 16 December 1991)
Operation conducted for BC Transit by contractor Independent Bus and Transportation, Ltd. Routes added to the Vancouver Regional Transit System 1991 (Brian Mills, 2001). (Transit Canada 1976, BC Transit 1988). (not listed separately in BC Transit 1989/90).
|Electric railway||28 June 1890** - 21 April 1955> *** (Vancouver)|
07 October 1891 - 04 December 1938> (New Westminster)
01 September 1906 - 23 April 1947> (North Vancouver)
29 July 1998 - present (Vancouver: DHR)
|Motor bus||19 March 1923 - present||Trolley coach §§||16 August 1948 - present||SeaBus*||17 June 1977 - present||Heavy rail transit (SkyTrain & Canada Line)||03 January 1986 § - present|
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