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Sea-ice Environmental Research Facility (SERF)


Service 2 St. SW

University of Manitoba

Winnipeg, MB R3T 2T8


Tel.: +1-204-261-0933 (Technician)

+1-204-474-6250 (Chief Scientist)


















Science @ SERF

SERF Principal Investigators:


-       Dr. Fei Wang (Chief Scientist)

-       Dr. David Barber

-       Dr. Tim Papakyriakou

-       Dr. Soren Rysgaard


Scientific Objectives:


-       To grow sea ice under controlled conditions and with various tracers for the study of its growth, properties, and roles in biogeochemical cycling of contaminants and greenhouse gases.

-       To integrate such processes-oriented mesocosm-scale studies with field-based studies, in support of modeling and scaling initiatives to better understand and predict the sea ice environment under a changing climate.


SERF Instrumentation/Sensors:


-       Meteorology (e.g., T, P, RH, wind speed/direction, PAR) at various heights

-       L- and C-band polarimetric scatterometers and LiDAR

-       Real-time and high-resolution T, S, DO, pCO2 sensors across air-sea ice-seawater interface

-       Real-time measurement of tropospheric mercury speciation (GEM, RGM and HgP)

-       On-site trailer laboratory for pH, alkalinity, DIC, DOC, TC/TN measurements

-       On-campus laboratories with cold rooms, Class 100 clean rooms, LA/LC-ICP-MS, ESI-MS-MS, CVAFS, LC/GC, XRD, and SEM, among many other instruments.


SERF-supported Publications:


13. Xu W., Tenuta M., and Wang F. 2016. Bromide and chloride distribution across the snow-sea ice-ocean interface: A comparative study between an Arctic coastal marine site and an experimental sea ice mesocosm. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans doi:10.1002/2015JC011409.


12. Crabeck O., Galley R.J., Delille B., Else B.G.T., Geilfus N.-X., Lemes M., Des Roches M., Francus P., Tison J.-L., and Rysgaard, S. 2015. Imaging air volume fraction in sea ice using non-destructive X-ray tomography. Cryosphere 10, 1125-1145.


11. Firoozy N., Komarov A.S., Landy J., Barber D.G., Mojabi P., and Scharien R.K. 2015. Inversion-based sensitivity analysis of snow-covered sea ice electromagnetic profiles. IEEE J. Sel. Topics Appl. Earth Observ. in Remote Sens. 8:3643-3655, doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2399651.


10. Firoozy N., Komarov A.S., Mojabi P., Barber D.G., Landy J.C., and Scharien R.K. 2015. Retrieval of young snow-covered sea-ice temperature and salinity evolution through radar cross-section inversion. IEEE J. Ocea. Eng., doi: 10.1109/JOE.2015.2458212.


9. Galley R.J., Else B.G.T., Geilfus N.-X., Hare A.A., Isleifson D., Barber D.G., and Rysgaard S. 2015. Imaged brine inclusions in young sea ice - Shape, distribution and formation timing. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2014.12.011.


8. Galley R.J., Geilfus N.-X., Else B.G.T., Papakyriakou T., Hare A.A., Babb D., Barber D.G., and Rysgaard S. 2015. Micrometeorological and thermal control of frost flower growth on young sea ice. Arctic 68, doi: 10.14430/arctic4457.


7. Landy J.C., Isleifson D., Komarov, A.S., and Barber D.G., 2015. Parameterization of centimeter-scale sea ice surface roughness using terrestrial LiDAR. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 53:1271–1286.


6. Else B.G.T., Rysgaard S., Attard K., Campbell K., Crabeck O., Galley R., Geilfus N.-X., Lemes M., Lueck R., Papakyriakou T., and Wang, F. (2015). Under-ice eddy covariance measurements of heat, salt, momentum, and dissolved oxygen in an artificial sea ice pool. Cold Reg. Sci. Tech., 119:158-169.


5. Rysgaard S., Wang F., Galley R.J., Grimm R., Notz D., Lemes M., Geilfus N.X., Chaulk A., Hare A.A., Crabeck O., Else B.G.T., Campbell K., Sørensen L.L., Sievers J., and Papakyriakou T. 2014. Temporal dynamics of ikaite in experimental sea ice. Cryosphere 8, 1469-1478.


4. Isleifson D., Galley R.J., Barber D.G., Landy J., Komarov A., and Shafai A. 2014. A study on the C-band polarimetric scattering and physical characteristics of frost flowers on experimental sea ice. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 52, 1787-1798, 10.1109/TGRS.2013.2255060.


3. Geilfus N.-X., Galley R.J., Cooper M., Halden N., Hare A., Wang F., Søgaard D.H., and Rysgaard S. 2013. Gypsum crystals observed in experimental and natural sea ice. Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 1-6, doi:10.1002/2013GL058479.


2. Hare A., Wang F., Barber D., Geilfus N.-X., Galley R.J., and Rysgaard S. 2013. pH evolution in sea ice grown at an outdoor experimental facility. Mar. Chem. 154, 46-54.


1. Wang F., Barber D., Papakyriakou T., and Rysgaard S. 2012. Sea-ice Environmental Research Facility. ArcticNet Annual Science Symposium 2012. December 10-14, Vancouver, BC.