All-Time List of Canadian Transit Systems

by David A. Wyatt

Gatineau, Québec

Modern Gatineau was formed 01 January 2002 by the amalgamation of the cities of Aylmer, Hull, Gatineau, Buckingham and Masson-Angers (Wikipedia). In addition to the City of Gatineau, until 2015 STO also provided transit service to Chelsea and Cantley.

Principal System

Hull streetcar at Main and Bridge Hull Electric Company (1895 - 30 November 1946)
street railway/light rail Incorporated 1895 (Que.) Controlled by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company until 1926 and by Canadian International Paper, Limited's Gatineau Power Company subsidiary after 1926. (CYB erroneously records the last day of street railway operation as 30 November 1946.) HECo also operated an interurban line from Hull to Aylmer (see below).

Hull City Transit 155 (GM old look) (Peter Cox collection 1966) Transport Urbain de Hull (01 December 1946 - 01 May 1972)
street railway/light rail Cited in English as either Hull City Transport or as Hull Transport Company. Street railway service ended 06 December 1946 (Board of Transport Commissioners Order No. 68260). Acquired by the CTCRO 1972. (Photo: Peter Cox collection).

Commission de transport de la communauté regionale de l'Outaouais (CTCRO) (01 May 1972 - 31 December 1990)
(CUTA TT89, CUTA 1989) (CUTA 1976-77 lists Outaouais Regional Community Transit Commission) Discontinued bus service between Ottawa and La Péche, Québec, 15 January 1979 (Bus Industry, Vol. 5, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1979, p. 4).

STO [Gatineau] 0204 (Novabus LFS) (David A. Wyatt 2009 July 15) Société de transport de l'Outaouais (01 January 1991 - present)
Service also extends into downtown Ottawa, Ontario. Municipal amalgamation 01 January 2002 resulted in the formation of the City of Gatineau from Hull and surrounding municipalities. In addition to the City of Gatineau, STO also provides transit service to Chelsea and Cantley. A rapid transit busway, branded Rapibus, began operation 19 October 2013. Chelsea and Cantley services to be transferred to Transcollines 15 June 2015. (CUTA F91, CUTA 1991/2, CUTA 1992, photos: Alex Regiec, David A. Wyatt).

STO [Gatineau] 9101 (1991 MCI Classic) (Alex Regiec 2008 Aug.) STO [Gatineau] 0515 (2005 Novabus LFS) (Alex Regiec 2008 Aug.) STO [Gatineau] O601 (2006 Novabus LFS) (Alex Regiec 2008 Aug.)

STO [Gatineau] logo 1991-2013
STO logo (1991-2013)
STO [Gatineau] logo 2013
STO logo (2013)
STO [Gatineau] Rapibus logo
Rapibus logo (2013)
Service area population201,000 (1991)
225,000 (2007)
Vehicle fleet185 buses (2000)
277 (2007)
Employees417 (1991)
Ridership18,386,444 (2009)
Data sources:CUTA 1991/2
Jean Breton 2009
CTF [Aug. 2010] (ridership)
website (logos)

Secondary Systems

Green Bus Line (? - ?)
Frequent bus service between Ottawa, Hull and Aylmer, fleet of 6 buses (CR&MW June 1926, p. 323).

Gatineau Bus Lines (Limited) (circa 1926 - 15 August 1931)
Suburban and intercity bus service centred on Hull. Incorporated 1931 (Que.) in preparation for its sale to GBCo (CR&MW 1931).

Gatineau Bus Company Limited (15 August 1931 - 1955)
Incorporated 1931 (Que.) Serving Aylmer, Norway Bay, Shawville, Kingsmere, Wakefield, and Buckingham. Affiliated with HECo interests. Became TRH 1955.

Autobus Saint-Pierre-de-Wakefield (1946 - 1956)
Serving Saint-Pierre-de-Wakefield. Acquired by TUH interests 1956.

Transport régional de Hull (1955 - 1958)
Acquired by TUH interests 1958, becoming THM.

Transport Hull métropolitain (1958 - 01 May 1972)
Serving suburban points (see GBCo above). Affiliated with TUH. Acquired by the CTCRO 1972.

Thom Transit Ltd. (1999)
Thom was running a service from the old Loeb IGA Champlain in downtown Hull to other Loeb IGA stores in Hull. The service was scheduled and required a fare. It was cancelled when STO found out. (via Alan Gryfe, July 2002)

Collines-de-l'Outaouais System

Transcollines (15 June 2015 - present)
Operations of the Régie intermunicipale de transport des Collines. The transit services to Chelsea and Cantley previously provided by STO transferred to an independent agency administered by MRC des Collines-de-l'Outaouais [the municipality]. New services will reach La Pêche, and Val-des-Monts, many with connection to Gatineau. Contract operator from 15 June 2015 is Autobus Campeau (CPTdb). Service was fare-free 15 June - 30 June 2015. (website 2015). In January 2017 Transcollines began supporting the intercity bus service from l'Isle-aus-Allumettes to Gatineau and Ottawa via Fort-Coulonge and Shawville operated by J-Jacques Campeau Inc. This support included logistical support and coordinated ticketing. It was announced simultaneously that Transcollines intended to extend service to MRC Pontiac circa January 2018 (website 2017).

Transcollines logo (2015)
system logo (2015)
Data source: website 2015

Hull Electric Interurban

Hull Electric Company (1897 - 30 March 1947)
electric interurban Subsidiary of Canadian Pacific Railway until 1926. Operated an interurban line from Hull to Aylmer. (Due erroneously records end of service as 30 April 1947).


Electric railway1895 - 06 December 1946
Interurban electric railway1897 - 31 March 1947
Motor bus1920s? - present
Motor bus busway19 October 2013 - present


Copyright ©1989-2017 David A. Wyatt. All Rights Reserved.
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The author is always interested in comments, corrections and further information. Please email to:
This page last modified: Friday, 27-Jan-2017 11:46:35 CST