The All-Time List of
Canadian Transit Systems
The several cities listed are an attempt to enumerate all the currently
or previously operating urban transit systems in Canada. Where data has
been found listing a transit operator for an urban area, that area,
listed under the name of its principal city, is included in this list.
Omissions from the list are due to one reason: no transit system
cited in any of the references, and does
not exclude the past or present existence of an urban transit system.
Urban Transit Systems
are organized around existing urban transit service areas.
existing service area encompasses formerly individual operations, the
various predecessors are included under the modern city designation.
Except as noted below, transit service areas known by regional names are
still listed under the name of the principal city.
Where multiple commuter services connect (or connected) large cities with
outlying communities it has been convenient to group them on a single page.
Banlieues de Montreal,
Banlieues de Quebec & Levis,
Vancouver Region, and
Under each city is listed the known transit properties with their
beginning and ending dates of operation. Throughout the list, operator
names are given in italics. Where no dates are known, the
(dated) source of the information is provided.
No effort has been made to list handicapped transit services,
airport services, or services
operated for special events or other temporary circumstances.
Operator names or parts of names
contained in square brackets are assumptions.
In circumstances where modes other than motor bus are or have been used
a list of modes and their dates of operation are given.
The list is complete in its inclusion of the “animal railway,” “electric
railway” and “trolley coach” modes, and the “motor bus” mode can
probably be assumed universally. Dates of a mode's start and end of
service are less complete. Where the last scheduled day's service
extended after midnight into the next calendar day, the last “full” day
is listed and suffixed “>” meaning “and into the early morning hours
of the next day.” The omission of “omnibus” (animal powered
bus) cannot be assumed to exclude it.
Urban Transit During the Second World War
The Second World War (1939-1945) brought extensive gasoline and rubber
rationing to Canadians and as a result many smaller communities supported
local transit services and many suburban services operated between employment
centres and nearby towns. The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, with more than 200 operating locations, also generated extensive requirements for local bus services.
Almost none of this has been adequately documented
and it probably constitutes the greatest shortcoming to the data this document
contains. While street and electric railways had been the subject of
government interest since before the end of the 19th century, the collection
of statistical information on local (bus) transit by the federal
government originated with the establisment of the Dominion Transit Controller
during the war. Research into the records of the DTC remains to be done.
Return to All-Time List of Canadian Transit Systems
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Copyright ©1989-2012 David A. Wyatt. All Rights Reserved.
This page last modified: Wednesday, 29-Aug-2012 16:00:17 CDT