All-Time List of Canadian Transit Systems

by David A. Wyatt

Transit History of the Banlieues de Québec & Lévis, Québec

For communities within the operating authority of RTC [Québec city system] see Québec. For communities within the operating authority of RTS [Lévis city system] see Lévis.

QRL&P: Montmorency Division Interurban

Quebec Railway, Light and Power Company (27 May 1900 - 15 March 1959>)
Incorporated 1881 (Que.) as the Quebec, Montmorency and Charlevoix Railway Company. Route from Québec through Montmorency Falls to Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré. Steam operation 10 August 1889 - 26 May 1900 (RFC). Name changed to QRL&P 1899. Line operated as the Montmorency Division of the QRL&P and reported separately from city (Citadel Division) operations. Known colloquially in French as le chemin de fer de la bonne Sainte-Anne ("Good Saint Anne's Railway"). Company purchased by the Canadian National Railways 26 October 1951 (after the end of Citadel operations).

Note

The QRL&P operated an incline railway (funicular) at Montmorency Falls, beginning in 1901 (Martin).

Boischâtel, Québec

? (circa 1865 - ?)
Horse-drawn stagecoaches operated between downtown Québec and Ste-Anne-de-Beaupré via Boischâtel. (Jean Breton 2009).

François Cloutier (19 May 1882 - ?)
Omnibus service between Québec and Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré via Boischâtel. (L'Electeur [newspaper] 19 May 1882, research by Jean Breton 2009).

Quebec Railway, Light and Power Company: Citadel Division (1933 - 31 July 1951)
Beauport and Boischâtel were linked to Québec by the steam train and electric interurban operations of the QRL&P: Montmorency Division and its predecessor 1892 - 1959 (see QRL&P interurban). The QRL&P's city (Citidel) division initiated bus service from Québec to Boischâtel via Beauport 1933. Services and buses sold to a new operator 1951. (Jean Breton 2009).

TB buses at garage (Jacques Matte) Transport Boischâtel Ltée (31 July 1951 - 21 May 1971)
Four routes serving Giffard-Nord, Beauport, Courville and Boischâtel. Operations taken over by CTCUQ 1971 (see Québec). (Jean Breton 2009, Canadian Coach 1971, Transit Canada 1976).

Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Québec (21 May 1971 - 1994)
Transit operator in the Québec Urban Community. Boischâtel service is route #50. (Jean Breton 2009).

Société de transport de la communauté urbaine de Québec (1994 - 31 May 2002)
Continuing from CTCUQ.

Réseau de Transport de la Capitale (01 June 2002 - present)
Name changed in coordination with municipal amalgamation. RTC has a long term contract to operate “outside territory” bus service in Boischâtel, which pays an hourly fee. (Jean Breton 2009).

Côte-de-Beaupré, Québec

? (circa 1865 - ?)
Horse-drawn stagecoaches operated between downtown Québec and Ste-Anne-de-Beaupré via Boischâtel. (Jean Breton 2009).

François Cloutier (19 May 1882 - ?)
Omnibus service between Québec and Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré via Boischâtel. (L'Electeur [newspaper] 19 May 1882, research by Jean Breton 2009).

Quebec Railway, Light and Power Company (27 May 1900 - 15 March 1959>)
Interurban electric railway (see QRL&P interurban).

Quebec Golf Club (circa 1926)
In 1926 the club was operating a common carrier bus service between Québec and Ste. Anne, using 1 bus making 11 round trips/day, for a 10¢ fare (round trip 15¢) (CR&MW August 1926, pp 440-441).

la Compagnie d'Autobus de Charlesbourg Ltée (1930 - 1933)
Company serving Charlesbourg, Orsainville and Loretteville. Service to Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré begun 1930 but competed illegally with QRL&P car service and was ordered halted 1933. (Jean Breton 2009).

PluMobile (circa Spring 2009 - present)
Commuter-scheduled passenger service between Mont-Sainte-Anne, Beaupré, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Château-Richer, and L'Ange-Gardien and Québec. A taxibus extension also connects Saint-Ferréol-les-Neiges and Saint-Joachim. Sponsored by the MRC Côte-de-Beaupré and operated by vehicles contracted from Autobus M. Auger Inc. Service is described as “Transport collectif et adapté” [public and disability transit] and requires advanced booking. (Jean Breton 2010, website 2010).

Île d'Orleans, Québec

Autobus Ozea Gagnon (1924 - September 1939)
Local bus service around the island only, connecting with the ferry to Quebéc City 1924 - July 1935. Service extended into Quebéc City over new bridge July 1935. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Ile d'Orleans Enr. (September 1939 - July 1947)
Service around the island and into Quebéc City (Jean Breton 2009).

Isle d'Orleans 15 Prevost (William A. Luke) Autobus Ile d'Orleans Ltée (July 1947 - 31 October 1971)
Service around the island and into Quebéc City. After October 1968 company was owned by the trucking firm Sept-Iles Express. (Jean Breton 2009, Photo: William A. Luke).

Service d'Autobus de l'Ile d'Orleans Enr. (01 November 1971 - December 1979)
Owned by local resident J.G. Giguere. Service abandoned December 1979. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autocar Rive Sud Ltée (July 1980 - 14 December 1981)
Service abandoned December 1981. (Jean Breton 2009).

Transport Duchesneau Inc. (01 July 1982 - 28 June 1983)
Service abandoned June 1983 for lack of patronage. Single bus service (Michel Duchesneau/JM 1997). (Transit News Canada 1983, Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Mont-Ste-Anne Inc. (1990 - June 1991)
Service abandonned June 1991. No common carrier bus service 1991 - 2009. (Jean Breton 2009, 2010).

PluMobile (circa Spring 2009 - present)
Commuter-scheduled passenger service between Île d'Orleans and Québec. Sponsored by the MRC Île d'Orleans and operated by vehicles contracted from Autobus M. Auger Inc. Service is described as “Transport collectif et adapté” [public and disability transit] and requires advanced booking. (Jean Breton 2010, website 2010).

Jacques-Cartier, Québec

The Municipalité régionale de comté (MRC) Jacques-Carter includes Fossambault-sur-le-Lac, Sainte-Catherine-de-la-Jacques-Cartier, Shannon, Valcartier, Lac-Delage, Stoneham-et-Tewksbury, Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval, and Lac-Beauport.

TC Jacques-Cartier/Fortin (busfanplace.com) Transport Collectif de la Jacques-Cartier (18 January 2010 - present)
Regional commuter service between MRC Jacques-Cartier and Québec and Sainte-Foy. Five routes provide service to Fossambault-sur-le-Lac, Sainte-Catherine-de-la-Jacques-Cartier, Shannon, and Valcartier [route 1]; Lac-Delage [taxibus]; Stoneham-et-Tewksbury [routes 2 and 3]; and Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval and Lac-Beauport [routes 4 and 5]. Contract operators include Transport J.D.L. Fortin Inc. [routes 2 and 3] and Autobus Auger [routes 4 and 5]. Fare-free period 18 January 2010 - 31 January 2010. From January 2013 the contractor for all routes was Autobus Auger. (Jean Breton 2010, website 2010, photos busfanplace.com).

TC Jacques-Cartier/Auger 07-397 (Ford/Thomas) (busfanplace.com)

TCJC logo 2010 Data Source: website 2010

Lac-Beauport Systems

la Compagnie d'Autobus de Charlesbourg Ltée (1935 - 01 June 1971)
Bus service from downtown Québec to Lac-Beauport operated with suburban (single-door) buses. Company acquired by CTCUQ 1971. (Jean Breton 2009).

Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Québec (01 June 1971 - 24 November 1973)
Lac-Beauport discontinued CTCUQ service 1973. No transit service until 2010 when TCJC began (see above). (Jean Breton 2009, 2011).

Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval Systems

Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval was included in the Québec Metropolitan Community 01 January 2002.

Autobus Camille Giroux (circa 1930 - July 1946)
Owned by Garage C. Giroux. Québec City to Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval via Sainte-Thérèse-de-Lisieux. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Sainte Thérèse Ltée (July 1946 - 1957)
Québec City to Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval via Sainte-Thérèse-de-Lisieux. Service to Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval abandoned 1957. Company acquired by AL 18 September 1962. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Camille Giroux (10 May 1957 - 24 November 1961)
Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval to Québec. Sold 1961 to AL. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Laval Ltée (24 November 1961 - 02 June 1976)
Owned by Paul-Emile Giroux. Aquired AStT Ltée 18 September 1962. Acquired by CTCUQ 1976. Service to Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval, falling outside the CTCUQ mandate, was sold to a new operator. (Jean Breton 2009).

les Enterprises Yvan Thomassin Inc. (02 June 1976 - 1988)
Service to Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval abandoned 1988. No transit service until 2010 when TCJC began (see above). (Jean Breton 2009, 2011).

Shannon - Base Valcartier Systems

Autobus Fournier Limitée (1939 - 01 February 1971)
Route from Québec terminating at Shannon East. Acquired 1971 by CTCUQ. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Joseph Jacques Enr. (15 November 1963 - September 1971)
Owner Joseph Jacques. Service between Québec and Shannon West as part of intercity service between Québec, Saint-Raymond and Rivière-à-Pierre. Sold 1971 to AP Inc. (Jean Breton 2009).

Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Québec (01 February 1971 - 1973)
Transit operator in the Québec urban community. Service ended by the local community. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autocars Portneuf Inc. (September 1971 - 1988)
Service between Québec and Shannon West as part of intercity service between Québec, Saint-Raymond and Rivière-à-Pierre. Service abandoned 1988. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Belair Inc. (01 May 1978 - 1996)
Owned by Autobus Dupont Ltée. Operating to Shannon East (4th Range) under contract with Town of Val-Bélair. Service abandoned 1996. (Jean Breton 2009).

Société de transport de la communauté urbaine de Québec (1996 - 31 May 2002)
Québec city system contracted by Val-Bélair to extend service to Camp Valcartier and Shannon East. Town of Val-Bélair annexed to Québec 01 January 2002. (Jacques Matte 1997, Jean Breton 2009).

Réseau de Transport de la Capitale (01 June 2002 - present)
Extended service to Shannon under an operating contract (Jean Breton 2009). Service to Base Valcartier (but not Shannon) (Jacques Matte 2009).

Stoneham-et-Tewkesbury Systems

la Compagnie d'Autobus de Charlesbourg Ltée (1935 - 31 May 1971)
Transit operator in Charlesbourg. Began service to the Stoneham & Tewkesbury area in 1935. Acquired by the CTCUQ 1971. (Jean Breton 2009).

Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Québec (01 June 1971 - 31 December 1973)
Transit operator for the Québec Urban Community. Service to Stoneham & Tewkesbury discontinued at the end of 1973. (Jean Breton 2009).

Transport J.D.L. Fortin Inc. (September 2006 - 15 January 2010)
Service between Québec and Stoneham under contract to the municipality. Contract responsibility transferred to TCJC 2010. (Jean Breton 2009).

Fleet3 buses
Data Source:Jean Breton 2009

Laurier-Station, Québec

Transport collectif de la MRC de Lotbinière (08 September 2009 - present)
Commuter-scheduled bus service linking Laurier-Station and Saint-Apollinaire to the Québec metropolitan area. Initial service connected at Saint-Nicholas to Société de transport de Lévis. From 03 January 2011 service extended to Sainte-Foy (website 2010). The service is called ÉcoBus and is operated by Éco-Voiturage Lotbinière. EVL has operated a ride-sharing service in MRC Lotbinière since circa 2000. (website 2011, Jean Breton 2011)

Eco-Voiturage Lotbinière logo
system logo
Data source: website 2011

Portneuf, Québec

The Municipalité régionale de comté de Portneuf was formed in 1981 and includes Cap-Santé, Donnacona, Lac-Sergent, Neuville, Pont-Rouge, Portneuf, Saint-Basile, Saint-Marc-des-Carrières, and Saint-Raymond. (Wikipedia).

Corporation de transport régional de Portneuf (25 May 2010 - present)
Shuttle bus service connecting Saint-Raymond, Pont-Rouge, and Neuville, with Sainte-Foy and Québec. Initial service is a single round trip scheduled for commuting. Use requires booking 24 hours in advance. Contract operator is Autobus M. Auger Inc. (Jean Breton 2010, website 2010).

Corporation de transport regional de Portneuf logo
system logo
Data source: website 2010

Note

Saint-Raymond Quebec commuter schedule (CN Table 53, 1956 Sep 30) According to its Winter 1955/56 and Winter 1956/57 time tables Canadian National Railways operated a daily except Sunday train between St. Raymond and Québec (Palais Station) (34.2 mi./54.7 km, 80 min.). Commuters arrived at Palais at 8:35am and departed homebound at 5:30pm. This meets a basic definition of a commuter train (weekdaily, rush-hour scheduling and run time under about 90 minutes). The commuter train service also appears in the 1937 time tables scheduled to arrive at Québec at 7:45am and depart at 4:25pm. The service does not appear in the CN 1966/67 time table.

Lac-Sergent Systems

Lac-Sergent annexed to Saint-Raymond-de-Portneuf 01 January 2002. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus A. Drolet Ltée (1938 - ?)
Summer-only bus service between Québec and Lac-Sergent. (Jean Breton 2009).

la Compagnie d'Autobus de Charlesbourg Ltée (? - 1945)
Bus service operator in Charlesbourg. Seasonal bus service between Québec and Lac-Sergent sold to AF 1945. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Fournier Limitée (1945 - 28 June 1949)
Bus service operator in Sainte-Foy. Sold seasonal Québec - Lac-Sergent service to ALB Enr. 1949. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Lionel Boutet Enr. (28 June 1949-06-28 - 31 March 1954)
Lionel Boutet, owner. Operating rightes expanded to year-round 19 June 1951. Sold route to AJJ Enr. 1954. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Joseph Jacques Enr. (31 March 1954 - Fall 1972)
Joseph Jacques, owner. Enterprise transferred to son Philippe Jacques 13 March 1964. Operations sold 1972 to AP Inc. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autocars Portneuf Inc. (Fall 1972 - 01 July 1987)
Sold 1987 to AStR Ltée. (Jean Breton 2009).

Autobus Saint-Raymond Ltée (01 July 1987 - 1992)
Québec - Lac-Sergent service abandoned 1992. (Jean Breton 2009).

Saint-Adolphe, Québec

la Compagnie d'Autobus de Charlesbourg Ltée (circa 1935 - 01 June 1971)
Bus operator in Charlesbourg. Acquired competitor VT Ltd 1943. Acquired by CTCUQ 1971. (Jean Breton 2009).

Valcartier Transportation Ltd. (circa 1938 - October 1943)
Competing for Saint-Adolphe traffic illegally while going to wood-mills north of Quebec City. Acquired by AC Ltée 1943. (Jean Breton 2009).

Commission de transport de la communauté urbaine de Québec (01 June 1971 - 01 January 1973)
Operation to Saint-Adolphe under an annual contract. In December 1972 taxpayers decided to abandon bus service. There has been no transit service since then. (Jean Breton 2009).

Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon, Québec

? (circa 1925 - 10 April 1945)
Bus service initially linking Saint-Lambert with Saint-Romuald where connections via Levis Tramways Company to Lévis and then Québec could be made. Direct service to Québec via the Quebec Bridge begun circa 1929. (Jean Breton 2011).

Autobus Louis Lachance (10 April 1945 - 16 February 1948)
Bus service from Saint-Lambert to Québec. (Jean Breton 2011).

Autobus Marcel Bedard (16 February 1948 - 18 April 1950)
Bus service from Saint-Lambert to Québec. (Jean Breton 2011).

Autobus Breakeyville Enr. (18 April 1950 - March 1970)
Bus service from Saint-Lambert to Québec. Owners: Marcel Bedard (1950 - 16 June 1953), Rosaire Lemay (16 June 1953 - 13 April 1960), Georges Barry (13 April 1960 - 22 January 1962), and Melvin Mountain (22 January 1962 - March 1970). Company sold to AL Inc. (Jean Breton 2011).

Autobus Lévis Inc. (March 1970 - 01 January 1979)
Bus service from Saint-Lambert to Québec. (Jean Breton 2011).

Corporation intermunicipale de transport de la Rive-Sud de Québec (01 January 1979 - circa 1981)
Lévis transit operator. Bus service from Saint-Lambert to Québec operated as an “out of territory” service contracted to Saint-Lambert. Discontinued because of cost circa 1981. (Jean Breton 2011).

Autobus la Québecoise Ltée (May 1983 - circa 1989)
Bus service between Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon and Lévis. Service abandoned circa 1989. (Jean Breton 2009, 2011).

Autocars des Chutes Inc. (circa 1994 - 01 January 2002)
Operator under contract to the municipality. Contracting responsibility transferred to STL 2002. (Jean Breton 2011).

Autocars des Chutes Inc. (01 January 2002 - present)
Bus service between Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon and Lévis operating under contract to Société de transport de Lévis. STL manages the service under an “out of territory” pay-for-service arrangement with Saint-Lambert. (Jean Breton 2009).

Sainte-Marie / Saint-Isidore, Québec

Transport Collectif de Beauce (09 September 2010 - present)
Weekday scheduled morning and evening trips between Sainte-Marie, Saint-Isidore and Saint-Romuald where further connections to Lévis or Québec can be made. (ATCRQ website 2010). Sponsored by the MRC de La Nouvelle-Beauce. Booking 24 hours in advance is required to use the service. TCB also operates a demand-responsive transportation service in MRC de La Nouvelle-Beauce and MRC Robert-Cliche.

TC Beauce logo
system logo
Data source ATCRQ website 2010

Copyright ©1989-2013 David A. Wyatt. All Rights Reserved.
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The author is always interested in comments, corrections and further information. Please email to:

dawwpg@shaw.ca
This page last modified: Tuesday, 08-Nov-2011 15:44:25 CST