All-Time List of Canadian Transit Systems

6.1 Canadian Paper Electric, Street and Radial Railways

Boosters, promoters, speculators, and swindlers incorporated dozens of electric railway companies in Canada. In most cases the projects were sincere attempts to develop new businesses. This list is composed largely of entries in Dorman 1938 [see References] which, by name or motive power, were likely intended to be street railways or interurbans. Some of Dorman's summaries are vague, and he concentrates almost solely on statutory citations. As a result, this list cannot be considered complete. Companies incorporated by letters patent or other means have probably been missed. Newfoundland & Labrador, not part of Canada in 1938, and the Maritimes (NB, NS, PEI), which Dorman seems to have neglected, are under-represented.

While all these companies existed on paper it is likely few of them ever operated railway service. Several were active as electric power utilities.

Company NameIncorporationAuthorized Motive PowerChartered Locations
Alberta Electric Ry. Co., 1912 renamed
Alberta Interurban Ry. Co.
1911 (Alta.)electricCalgary, Medicine Hat, Lethbridge
Alberta Metropolitan Ry. Co.1911-12 (Alta.)electricCalgary, Shepard
Amherst Street Railway Company, Limited17 April 1889 (NS)cable or electricAmherst
Bassano Electric Ry. Co., 1912 renamed
Bassano and Bow Valley Ry. Co.
1911-12 (Alta.)electricBassano
Bedford Electric Company, Limited, 19 April 1906 renamed
Halifax and Suburban Electric Company, Limited
11 March 1898 (NS)electricHalifax County outside Halifax City [rights later expanded to include Halifax city]
Belleville Radial Railway Co.1909 (Ont.)electricBelleville, Shannonville
Bell Island Transportation Company1899 (Nfld.)electric or other tramwaysBell Island
Blomidon Railway Company Limited1911 (N.S.)electricWolfville, Canning, Scots Bay
Brandon Electric Ry.1911 (Man.)not steamBrandon, Souris, Minnedosa, Neepawa, Carberry
Brandon Rural Radial Ry.1913 (Man.)not steamBrandon, Ninette, Souris, Neepawa, Carberry, Rapid City, Rivers, Minnedosa
Brantford and Erie Ry. Co.1904 (Ont.)electricBrantford, Simcoe, Port Dover
British America Pulp Paper and Ry. Co.1900 (Dom.)electricSt. Alphonse, Petite Decharge (Québec)
Calgary Petrol Interurban Ry. Co.1913 (Alta.)-Calgary, T18-R1-W5
Calgary Street Ry. Co.1893 (Dom.)electric or animalCalgary (Alberta)
Cape Breton Northern1902 (N.S.)electricNorth Sydney, Baddeck
Cascade Scenic Ry. Co.1917 (Dom.)funicularCascade Mountain in Rocky Mountain [Banff] Park (Alberta)
Chestermere and Calgary Suburban Ry. Co.1910 (Alta.)-Calgary, Chestermere Lake
Cobourg, Port Hope and Havelock Electric Ry. Co.1909 (Ont.)electricPort Hope, Cobourg
Cobourg Radial Ry. Co.1909 (Ont.)-Cobourg, Peterborough
Compagnie du Chemin de Fer Electrique des Trois Rivieres, St. Maurice, Maskinonge et Champlain1905 (Dom.)electricTrois-Rivieres, Louiseville (Québec)
Conception Bay Electric Company16 April 1913 (Nfld.)electric tramways or street railwaysBrigus, Cupids, Clarke's Beach, Port de Grave, Bay Roberts, Spaniard's Bay
Cornwall Street Railway Company11 November 1885 (Ont.)-Cornwall
Crow's Nest and Prairie Electric Ry. Co.1907 (Alta.)electricColeman, Blairmore, Frank, Pincher Creek
Crow's Nest Pass Electric Light and Power Co.1900 (BC)tramwaysFernie
Crow's Nest Pass Street Ry. Co.1911-12 (Alta.)-Cowley, Burmis, Passburg
Dartmouth and Cow Bay Electric Company, Limited31 March 1911 (NS)-Dartmouth, Cow Bay
Dartmouth Tram and Power Company, Limited, 16 April 1908 renamed
Dartmouth Electric Tram Company, Limited
15 April 1890 (NS)animal or electricDartmouth
Dawson City Electric Co.1898 (Dom.)electric or tramwayDawson City (Yukon Territory)
Dawson City Electric Lighting and Tramway Co.1898 (Dom.)electricDawson City (Yukon Territory)
Dunnville, Wellandport and Beamsville Electric Ry. Co. [2]1906 (Ont.)electricPort Maitland, Beamsville
Eastern Ontario Electric Ry. Co.1909 (Ont.)electricCornwall, Toronto
Edmonton Northwestern Radial Ry. Co.1914 (Alta.)electricEdmonton, Riviere Qui Barre
Edmonton Street Railway Company [2]1894 (Dom.)street railwayEdmonton (Alberta)
Edmonton, Stony Plain and Wabamun Ry. Co.1913 (Alta.)electricEdmonton, Spruce Grove, Stony Plain
Elbow River Suburban Ry. Co.1913 (Alta.)-Calgary
Estevan Transit and Power Co.1913 (Sask.)tramwayS23-T2-R8-W2
Forest Hill Electric Ry. Co.1913 (Ont.)-Toronto [Forest Hill Road]
Fort Qu'Appelle Ry. Co.1901 (Dom.)electricFort Qu'Appelle (Saskatchewan)
Glengarry and Stormont Ry. Co.[1]1912 (Ont.)electric or steamCornwall
Goat River Water Power and Light Co.1909 (BC)tramwaysGoat River Canyon
Golden Light, Power and Water Co.1905 (BC)tramwaysGolden
Grouse Mountain Scenic Incline Ry. Co.1911 (BC)-Grouse Mountain
Guelph Street Railway Company1877 (Ont.)animalGuelph
Halifax Railway Company19 April 1884 (NS)animalHalifax
Hamilton, Chedoke and Ancaster Electric Street Ry. Co., 1899 renamed
Hamilton, Ancaster and Brantford Ry. Co.
1896 (Ont.)electricHamilton, Barton, Ancaster, Brantford
Hamilton and Guelph Junction Ry. Co.1906 (Ont.)steam or electricHamilton, Guelph Junction
Hamilton, Waterloo and Guelph Ry. Co.1906 (Dom.)not steamHamilton, Galt, Kitchener, Guelph (Ontario)
Hazel Hill Electric RailwayelectricHazel Hill, Canso (Nova Scotia)
Humber Valley Electric Ry. Co.1912 (Ont.)-Lambton Mills, Toronto
International Radial Ry. Co.1895 (Dom.)-Hamilton, Waterloo, Fort Erie (Ontario)
Kaslo and Slocan Tramway Co.1893 (BC)tramway and street railwayKaslo
Kingston and Gananoque Electric Ry. Co., 1903 renamed
Kingston, Gananoque and Perth Electric Ry. Co., 1906 renamed
Kingston, Gananoque and Perth Ry. Co.
1895 (Ont.)electric (or steam, from 1906)Kingston, Gananoque, Perth, Arnprior
Kootenay Power Co.1892 (BC)tramwaysNelson
Lacombe, Bullocksville and Alix Electric Ry. Co.1909 (Alta.)-Lacombe, Red Deer, Alix
Lethbridge Radial Tramway Co.1907 (Alta.)electricLethbridge, Raymond, Stafford
London, Aylmer and North Shore Electric Ry. Co.1901 (Ont.)electricLondon, Aylmer, Port Burwell
Lunenburg Electric Railway Company, Limited31 March 1911 (NS)electricLunenburg & Chester municipalities
Maharg Electric Ry. Co.1911-12 (Alta.)electricCalgary
Manitoba Radial Ry.1911 (Man.)-Winnipeg, Portage-la-Prairie, Stony Mountain, Stonewall
Manitoba Radial Ry. Co.1907 (Dom.)electricWinnipeg, Lundar, Stonewall (Manitoba)
Medicine Hat Electric Ry. Co.1911-12 (Alta.)-Medicine Hat, Dunmore
Metropolitan Street Railway of Ottawa1884street railwayOttawa, Nepean Twp. (Ontario)
Moose Jaw and Suburban Rapid Transit Ry. Co.1906 (Sask.)steam or electricMoose Jaw, Buffalo Lake
Morrisburg Electric Ry. Co., 1910 renamed
Morrisburg and Ottawa Electric Ry. Co.
1908 (Ont.)-Morrisburg, Ormond, St. Therese, Ottawa
Mount Royal Ry. Co.1865 (Can.)-Montréal (Québec) [St. Lawrence toll-gate to St. Antoine toll-gate]
Nanaimo Electric Tramway Co.1891 (BC)street railwayNanaimo
New Glasgow Electric Company, Limited1887 (NS)street railwayNew Glasgow, Stellarton, Trenton
Niagara, Queenston and St. Catharines Ry. Co.1903 (Dom.)not steamSt. Catharines, Niagara, Queenston (Ontario)
Northern Light Rys. Co.1920 (Ont.)steam or electricSmythe, Manitoulin Island
North Lanark Ry. Co.1899 (Ont.)steam or electricArnprior, Mile Lake
North Midland Ry. Co.1904 (Ont.)not steamLondon, Clinton, Mitchell, Stratford
Ontario Electric Ry. Co.1902 (Ont.)electricCornwall, Toronto
Ontario - Michigan Ry. Co.1911 (Dom.)carry trains of Michigan United Electric Ry. Co.Port Huron (Michigan). Sarnia, Chatham, Windsor (Ontario)
Huron, Bruce and Grey Electric Railway Company, 1903 renamed
Ontario West Shore Electric Railway Company, 1909 renamed
Ontario West Shore Railway Company [2]
1902 (Ont.)electricGoderich, Owen Sound
Ottawa and Aylmer Ry. and Bridge Co.1895 (Dom.)electricOttawa (Ontario). Hull, Aylmer, Coulonge (Québec)
Ottawa and St. Lawrence Electric Ry. Co.1909 (Ont.)-Lancaster, Cornwall, Brockville, Perth, Ottawa
Ottawa, Brockville and St. Lawrence Ry. Co.1900 (Dom.)electricOttawa, Brockville (Ontario)
Ottawa Street Incline Ry. Co. of Hamilton1922 (Ont.)funicularHamilton
Parry Sound and Northern Ontario Ry. Co.1925 (Ont.)steam or electricParry Sound, North Bay
People's Ry. Co.1909 (Ont.)electricWoodstock, Plattsville, Kitchener, Guelph, Stratford
Petrolea Rapid Ry. Co.1902 (Ont.)electricSarnia, Petrolia
Porcupine Rand Belt Electric Ry. Co.1912 (Ont.)electric or steamLarder, Dane, Mattagami River
Portage La Prairie Street Ry. Co.1882 (Man.)animal or steamPortage-la-Prairie
Portage Radial Ry. and Canal Co.1913 Feb 15 (Man.)-Portage-la-Prairie, Winnipeg
Quebec Eastern Ry. Co.1907 (Que.)electricSherbrooke, Quebec Bridge
Quebec Occidental Ry. Co.1937 (Que.)steam or electricAmos, Saint-Remi, Maniwaki
Quebec Rapid Transit Ry. Co.1913 (Dom.)-Québec, Charlesbourg, Ste-Foy, Île d'Orleans (Québec)
Rainy River Radial Ry. Co.1910 (Dom.)-Fort Francis, Rainy River (Ontario)
Town of Raymondauthorized 1910 (Alta.)street railwaysRaymond
Red Deer Ry. Co.1907 (Alta.)electric or otherRed Deer, Content, Nevis
Regina Inter-Urban Tramway Co.1908-9 (Sask.)steam or electricRegina, Lumsden, Craven
Regina - Moose Jaw Interurban Ry. Co.1912-13 (Sask.)electricRegina, Moose Jaw
Riverside Park Ry. Co.1903 (Man.)electricWinnipeg, St. Norbert
Rural Railway Company1910 Mar 16 (Man.)steam or electric (1910), then not steam (1911)Winnipeg, Emerson, Portage-la-Prairie, Carberry, East Selkirk, Stonewall, Ste. Anne, Starbuck, Morris
St. Joseph and Stratford Electric Ry. Co.1904 (Ont.)electricStratford, St. Joseph
St. Thomas Radial Electric Ry. Co.1895 (Ont.)electricSt. Thomas, Port Stanley, Port Burwell
Saskatoon Electric Railway and Power Company1912 (Sask.)electricSaskatoon
Saskatoon Transfer Ry. Co.1912 (Sask.)steam or electricS23-T36-R6-W3, S26-T36-R6-W3
Selkirk Electric Ry. Co.1892 & 1900 (Man.)electric or steamWinnipeg, Selkirk
South East Calgary Electric Ry. Co.1911-12 (Alta.)-Calgary, Shepard
South Essex Electric Railway Company1896 (Ont.)-Amherstburg, Harrow, Windsor
South Shore Suburban Ry. Co.1896 (Dom.)-Longueuil, Montréal (Québec)
Stratford and St. Joseph Radial Ry. Co.1907 (Ont.)electricStratford, St. Joseph
Stratford Radial Ry. Co.1903 (Ont.)electricStratford, Mitchell, Embro
Stratford Ry. Co.1903 (Ont.)electricStratford
Strathcona Radial Tramway Company Limited1904 (NWT)-Edmonton (Alberta)
Suburban Park Ry. Co.1899 (Man.)steam or electricSt. Boniface, St. Norbert, Saint Anne, Elm Park
Sudbury and Wahnapitae Ry. Co.1899 (Dom.)electricSudbury (Ontario)
Sudbury, Copper Cliff and Creighton Electric Ry. Co.1903 (Ont.)electricSudbury, Copper Cliff
Sydney and East Bay Railway Company, Limited23 April 1909 (NS)electric or notSydney, East Bay
Town of Taberauthorized 1910 (Alta.)street railwaysTaber
Taber Transit Co.1913 (Alta.)-T9-R16-W4, T10-R17-W4
Temiscamingue and Abitibi Ry. Co.1937 (Que.)steam or electricAngliers, Noranda, Senneterre
Three Rivers and North Shore Electric Ry. Co.1898 (Dom.)-Trois-Rivieres (Québec)
Three Rivers Tramway Co.1912 (Que.)electricTrois-Rivieres, Louiseville
Tillsonburg and Southern Counties Radial Ry. Co.1909 (Ont.)electricTillsonburg, Port Burwell, Ingersoll, London
Toronto, Barrie and Orillia Ry. Co.1910 (Ont.)steam or electricToronto, Barrie, Orillia
Toronto Eastern Railway Company [2]1910 (Dom.)electricToronto, Pickering, Whitby, Oshawa (Ontario)
Toronto, Hamilton and Niagara Falls Electric Ry. Co.1895 (Ont.)electricToronto, Hamilton, Niagara Falls
Toronto, High Park and Western Tramway Co.1882 (Ont.)-Toronto, Lambton, Carlton
Toronto Interurban Ry. Co.1911 (Ont.)steam or electricToronto, Newmarket
Toronto and Hamilton Ry. Co., 1906 renamed
Toronto, Niagara and Western Ry Co.
1903 (Dom.)not steamToronto, Hamilton (Ontario)
Tramways, Ltd.1913 (Alta.)electricEdmonton, Bon Accord, Fort Saskatchewan
Truro Street Railway Company, Limited17 April 1889 (NS)animal or electricTruro
Tsimpsean Light and Power Co.1907 (BC)tramwaysKhtada River
Union Electric Light and Power Company04 May 1916 (Nfld.)street car servicesTrinity, Catalina, Bonavista
United Towns' Electrical Company22 April 1902 (Nfld.)electric tramways or street railwaysHarbor Grace, Carbonear, Heart's Content
Vancouver and Lulu Island Electrical Ry. and Improvement Co.1891 (BC)-Vancouver
Vercheres, Chambly and Laprairie Tramways Co.1916 (Que.)street railwaysLongueuil, St. Lambert, Montreal South, Chambly
Victoria Transfer Company1883 (BC)street railwaysVictoria, Esquimalt
Watrous Radial Ry. Co.1912 (Sask.)-Watrous, Renown
Welland and Port Colborne Ry. Co. 1926 (Ont.)steam or electricPort Colborne
Western Central Ry. Co.1905 (Ont.)electricLondon, Embro, Guelph, Kitchener, Woodstock
Windsor, Chatham and London Ry. Co.1906 (Dom.)electricWindsor, Chatham, London (Ontario)
Winnipeg and St. Andrew's Rapids Ry. Co., 1906 renamed
Winnipeg and Lake Shore Ry. Co.
1898 (Man.)electric or steamWinnipeg, Lake Winnipeg
Winnipeg Passenger Ry. Co.1880 (Man.)animalWinnipeg
Yarmouth and Digby Electric Railway Company, Limited27 March 1902 & 23 April 1909 (NS)electricYarmouth, Bear River
Yarmouth and Eastern Railway1909 (NS)electric?Yarmouth, Wedgeport, Tusket

Notes

[1] Re-incorporated in 1913 and built as a steam railway. Acquired 1915 by Canadian Pacific.
[2] Some construction undertaken.

Unresearched Incorporations

Further research is required into the following legislative references.

  • Belleville Street Ry. Co. [Ont. 1875-6 cap 86]
  • Buckingham Electric Ry., Light and Power Co. [Que. 1895(1) cap 68]
  • Chatham City & Suburban Ry. Co. [Ont. 1896 cap 101]
  • Chippewa and Niagara Falls Electric Railway Company [Ont. 1901 cap 77]
  • City Passenger and Goods Delivery Ry. Co. [Man. 1873 cap 36]
  • Commercial Electric Company [NB 1895]
  • Essex and Kent Radial Railway Company [Ont. 1901 cap 78]
  • Fredericton, Gibson and Marysville Electric Ry. Co. [NB 1893 cap 69]
  • Fredericton Street Ry. Co. [NB 1887 cap 37]
  • Grand Falls Electric Railway [NB 1914]
  • Hamilton, Burlington & Lake Shore Electric Ry. Co. [Ont. 1895 cap 99]
  • Ingersol Radial Electric Ry. Co. [Ont. 1897 cap 88]
  • Intercolonial Radial Ry Co. [Dom. 1895 cap 49]
  • The Lambton Central Electric Railway Co. [Ont. 1902 cap 81]
  • Lincoln Radial Electric Ry. Co. [Ont. 1896 cap 104]
  • The Middlesex and Elgin Inter-Urban Railway Company [Ont. 1902 cap 83]
  • Moncton Electric Tramway Co. [NB 1890 cap 74]
  • Moncton Street Railway Co. [NB 1887 cap 64]
  • Niagara, Dunnville & Erie Electric Ry. Co. [Ont. 1905]
  • Penetanguishene and Midland Electric Street Railway, Light and Power Co., Ltd. [Ont. 1895, cap. 36, sec. 1]
  • Perth & Huron Radial Ry. Co. [Ont. 1905]
  • Queenston, St. Catharines and Port Dalhousie Electric Railway Co. [Ont. 1900 cap 121]
  • St. Catharines, Pelham and Welland Electric Ry. Co. [Ont. 1904]
  • St. Hyacinthe Electric Railway Co. [Que. 1900 cap 69]
  • Saint John Suburban Railway [NB 1913]
  • St. Stephen and Milltown Street Ry. Co. [NB 1887 cap 28]
  • St. Stephen Electric Street Ry. Co. [NB 1891 cap 53]
  • Woodstock Electric Ry., Light and Power Co. [NB 1896 cap 107]

References


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This page last modified: Tuesday, 29-Jul-2014 14:22:23 CDT